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A guide to all the wonderful and interesting information about writing systems and languages you can find on Omniglot.


Writing systems | Constructed scripts | Languages | Language learning | Multilingual pages | Useful phrases Articles | Book store | Links | FAQs | Gallery | Puzzles | News | Downloads | Miscellaneous | My other sites

Writing Systems

Information about over 150 different writing systems. Each page contains an illustration of a writing system; details of its origin, usage, notable features and the language(s) written with it; a sample text, and useful links.

This section is divided as follows:


Constructed scripts

Alphabets and other writing systems invented by visitors to this site, and that appear in books, TV programmes, films and computer games.

Constructed scripts for: Ainu | Chinese languages | Dutch | English | Korean | Russian | Spanish | Tagalog | Vietnamese | Other natural languages | Phonetic/universal scripts | Constructed scripts for constructed languages | Adaptations of existing alphabets | Fictional alphabets | A-Z index



Details of many different languages, including their pronunciation, usage, status and sample texts.


Language learning

A collection of advice, suggestions, tips and techniques for learning languages.


Multilingual pages

Multilingual computing

A brief introduction to Unicode, how to type accented letters and other special characters and a number of pages designed to demonstrate Unicode:


Useful phrases

A collection of useful phrases suitable for a variety of situations in many different languages with sound files for quite a few of them.

Greetings and small talk

Welcome | Hello | Good morning | Good afternoon | Good evening | Good night | How are you? | Long time no see | Please | Thank you | Excuse me | Sorry | Goodbye | Bon voyage |

Getting to know people

Pleased to meet you | What's your name? | Where are you from? |

Language difficulties

I (don't) understand | Please say that again | Please speak more slowly | Please write it down | Do you speak English? | Do you speak ...? | Speak to me in ... | How do you say ...? | I don't know |

Difficult situations

Go away! | Leave me alone! | Help! Fire! Stop! | Call the police! |

Special occasions

Merry Christmas and Happy New Year | Happy Easter | Happy Birthday |

Other phrases

Good luck | Cheers! | Bon appetit | Would you like to dance? | How much is this? | Have a nice day | Where's the toilet? | Get well soon | I love you | I miss you |

'Useful' fun phrases

My hovercraft is full of eels | One language is never enough | Stop the world, I want to get off! | This gentleman/lady will pay for everything | Say cheese! |

Time expressions

Telling the time | Days of the week | Months of the year | Seasons |


It's all Greek to me | It's raining cats and dogs | As easy as falling off a log | A sandwich short of a picnic | When pigs fly | Out of sight, out of mind | It's a small world

Idioms in: Czech | French | Russian | Slovak | Spanish

Tongue twisters

Proverbs and sayings

Proverbs in: Estonian | Indonesian | Kazakh | Manx | Language-related proverbs |


Entrance / Exit | No smoking | Open / Closed | Toilet signs (Gents / Ladies) |

Names of the seven dwarfs in various languages | Zodiac signs in various languages | Computer parts in various languages

Phrases for individual languages

  1. Abkhaz, Adyghe, Afrikaans, Albanian, Aleut, Alsatian, Amharic, Arabic (Egyptian), Arabic (Lebanese), Arabic (Modern Standard), Arabic (Moroccan), Aragonese, Armenian (Eastern), Armenian (Western), Assamese, Assyrian, Atikamekw, Azerbaijani
  2. Banjar, Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese
  3. Cantonese, Catalan, Cebuano, Chabacano, Chamorro, Chechen, Cherokee, Chinese (Mandarin), Chipewyan, Cornish, Corsican, Croatian, Cuyonon, Czech
  4. Danish, Dutch
  5. English (British), Estonian, Ewe
  6. Faroese, Fijian, Finnish, French, Friulian, Frisian (North), Frisian (West)
  7. Galician, Gascon, Georgian, German, Gothic, Greek (Modern), Greek (Ancient), Greenlandic, Gujarati
  8. Haitian Creole, Hakka, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian
  9. Iban, Icelandic, Ido, Igbo, Ilocano, Indonesian, Inuktitut, Iñupiaq, Irish (Gaelic), Italian
  10. Japanese, Javanese, Jenesch, Jèrriais
  11. Kannada, Kashmiri, Kazakh, Khmer, Khoekhoe (Nama), Kinyarwanda, Korean, Kurdish (Kurmanji), Kurdish (Sorani), Kyrgyz
  12. Lakota (Sioux), Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lithuanian, Low Saxon, Lozi, Lule Sámi, Luxembourgish
  13. Macedonian, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maldivian, Maltese, Mam, Mandarin, Manx, Māori, Marathi, Mongolian
  14. Nahuatl, Navajo, Ndebele (Northern), Nepali, Newari / Nepal Bhasa, Nogai, Northern Sámi, Norwegian
  15. Occitan, Ojibwe, Okinawan, Old English, Old Russian, Oriya
  16. Papiamento, Pashto, Persian (Farsi), Polish, Portuguese (Brazilian), Portuguese (European), Punjabi
  17. Quechua
  18. Romanian, Romansh, Russian, Rusyn
  19. Sakha, Sanskrit, Samoan, Sardinian, Scots, Scottish Gaelic, Serbian, Sesotho, Shanghainese, Shona, Sicilian, Sinhala, Slovak, Slovenian, Somali, Southern Sámi, Spanish, Sundanese, Swahili, Swedish, Swiss German (Basel dialect), Swiss German (Chur dialect), Swiss German (Lucerne dialect)
  20. Tagalog, Tahitian, Taiwanese, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Tigrinya, Tok Pisin, Tongan, Tsotsil, Tswana, Tumbuka, Turkish, Tuvaluan
  21. Ukrainian, Umbundu, Urdu, Uzbek
  22. Venetian, Vietnamese, Võro
  23. Welsh, Wolof
  24. Xhosa
  25. Yiddish, Yoruba, Yucatec Maya
  26. Zazaki, Zulu

Phrases in constructed languages (conlangs)

Esperanto, Ido, Interlingua, Ishirkian, Kala, Klingon, Lingua Franca Nova, Lojban, Pig Latin, Talossan, Toki Pona, Wightian



Articles about language learning, languages, and related topics.

Writing systems | Language and language learning | Motivation | Being and becoming bilingual | Chinese | English | French | German | Greek | Hebrew | Indonesian | Italian | Latin | Portuguese | Spanish | Other languages | Minority and endangered languages | Reviews of language courses and books | Teaching languages | Language and culture | Particular languages: Translation and interpreting | Multilingual websites, databases and coding | History | Travel | Food | Spoof articles

Writing, writing systems and other visual communication systems


Language and language learning

Academic papers / articles

Articles related to languages and language learing




Articles about particular languages

Chinese language


English language


Esperanto language

French language


German language


Greek language


Hebrew language


Indonesian language


Italian language


Latin language


Portuguese language


Spanish language


Other languages


Minority and endangered languages


Reviews of language courses and books


Teaching languages


Being and becoming bilingual


Language and culture


Translation and interpreting


Multilingual websites, databases and coding








Spoof articles



Book store

A collection of books about writing, language, linguistics and related topics gathered together in one place for your convenience. By buying something here you'll be helping to support this site.

Writing systems, written language, calligraphy and reading

Writing systems, Ancient Egyptian, Arabic, Chinese, Greek, Hebrew, Mayan, Ogham, Runes, Shorthand, Numbers and numerals, Calligraphy, Punctuation, Reading

Language and languages

Origins of language, Language and languages, Learning languages, Idioms, Language extinction, Bilingualism / Multilingualism, Algonquian languages, Celtic languages, English, Germanic languages, Romance languages, Slavic languages, Turkic languages, Constructed languages


Linguistics, Phonetics & Phonology, Paleolinguistics

Livres au sujet de langage et linguistique (en français)

Language learning materials

Afrikaans, Albanian, Amharic, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Balinese, Basque, Bengali, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese/Myanmar, Cambodian, Cantonese, Catalan, Cherokee, Chinese, Cornish, Cree, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dari, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Gothic, Greek (Modern), Gujarati, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Hindi, Hmong, Hokkien, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish (Gaelic), Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malayalam, Maltese, Mandarin Chinese, Manx (Gaelic), Māori, Mayan, Mongolian, Nahuatl, Norwegian, Occitan, Old Church Slavonic, Old English, Old Norse, Pashto, Persian/Farsi, Polish, Portuguese, Punjabi, Rapa Nui, Romanian, Russian, Samoan, Scottish Gaelic, Scots, Serbian, Shanghainese, Sicilian, Sindarin, Sinhala, Sioux (Lakota/Dakota), Slovak, Slovenian, Somali, Sorbian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Taiwanese, Tajik, Tamil, Thai, Tibetan, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Welsh, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zulu



A collection of links to sites containing information about writing, language and related topics.

Links for individual languages

Ancient Egyptian | Arabic | Celtic languages | Chinese | English | French | German | Greek | Hebrew | Irish | Italian | Japanese | Korean | Portuguese | Russian | Scottish Gaelic | Spanish | Welsh | Tolkien's languages and alphabets


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Answers to the questions I receive most often. Please read this page before contacting me.



Gallery of language and writing-related art sent in by visitors to this site. If you would like to contribute to this section, please contact me.


Questions submitted by visitors to this site which I'm unable to answer.


Omniglot news

Announcements of new pages/sections and significant improvements to existing pages. Also includes occasional links to writing and language-related news on other sites.



Fonts for some of the constructed writing systems on this site.

Script charts - the Excel spreadsheets I use to produce the alphabet and pronunciation charts.

Audio recordings - a list of some of the sound files available for download on this site, including collections of useful phrases in various phrases.


Miscellaneous pages


Details of the books used as sources of information for this site.

Font list

A list of the fonts used on this site.

Omniglot statistics

Since March 2004 this site has been visited by over 114 million people from every country and continent. The top ten countries are the USA, UK, India, Canada, Australia, Philippines, Singapore, the Netherlands, Germany and Malaysia. An average of 1.8 million unique visitors a month (60,466 a day) make 2.2 million visits to Omniglot and view 3.6 million pages - these averages are based on stats for the last 6 months. The most popular pages get between 40,000 and 127,000 impressions (page views) per month.

About Omniglot

Information about Omniglot and its creator.

About this site | Omniglot - a potted history | About me | My language learning adventures | My singing adventures | My songs | My musical adventures | My juggling adventures

Photo gallery

A few photos of me, my friends, and places I've visted and lived in.

Contact me

How to contact me.


My other sites

Offshoots of Omniglot include:


Search this site


Please note

Omniglot is not affiliated with any academic or other institution. It is the creation of one man, Simon Ager, with corrections, suggestions and additional material provided by visitors. It started way back in 1998 as a hobby which I worked on in my spare time, but since June 2008 I have been working on it full-time and it is now my main source of income.

While I make every effort to ensure that the information is accurate, there will inevitably be some errors and mistakes. If you spot any, please contact me. Your input is always welcome and very much appreciated.

If you would like to use any of the information or images from this site, please contact me.

All the material is available to you free of charge. I also do my best to answer your questions and provide advice on a range of writing and language-related topics.

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