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Chipewyan (Dënesųłıné / ᑌᓀᓱᐠᑦᕄᓀ)

Chipewyan is a member of the Northern Athabaskan branch of the Na-Dené language family and is spoken by between 3,000 and 10,000 people in parts of Canada, particularly in northern Manitoba, northern Saskatchewan, north-eastern Alberta, south-eastern North-West Territories, and the south-western Nunavut.

Chipewyan is also known as Dënesųłıné (ᑌᓀᓱᐠᑦᕄᓀ), Dɛnɛsųłıné (ᑌᓀᓲᒢᕄᓀ), Dëne Yati (ᑌᓀ ᔭᕱ), Dɛnɛ Yati (ᑌᓀ ᔭᕠ) or Dene. The name Chipewyan comes from a Cree term. The language was called Montagnais by French missionaries.

Chipewyan was the first Athabaskan language encountered by Europeans in Canada in 1686 at the York Factory trading post, and also the first to be documented. A number vocabulary lists were put together during the 18th century.

Chipewyan is spoken by people of all ages, including children, and many Chipewyan people also speak Cree. In some Chipewyan communities, such as Cold Lake in northern Alberta, only those over 60 still speak the language well, and efforts are being made to revive the language among the young people through an immersion programme in local schools.

There are a number of ways to write Chipewyan using the Latin alphabet and with syllabics which were devised by English and French missionaries during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Chipewyan alphabet and pronunciation

Chipewyan alphabet and pronunciation

Chipewyan syllabary (1904 version)

Chipewyan alphabet and pronunciation

Sample text in Chipewyan (Lord's Prayer)

Noutaounynan ca tayen ouascoupetz, kit-ichenicassóuin sakitaganiouísít; pita ki-ouitapimacou agoué kit-outénats. Pita kikitouin toutaganiouisit. Assitz, ego ouascouptz. Mirinan oucachigatz nimilchiminan, ouechté teouch. Gayez chouerimeouinan ki maratirinisitâ agoué, ouechté ni chouerimananet, cakichiouahiamitz. Gayeu ega pemitaouinan machicaoueintan espich nekirak inaganiouiacou; miatau canoueriminan capech. Pita.

Source: http://www.christusrex.com/www1/pater/JPN-chipewyan.html

Links

Information about the Chipewyan language
http://www.languagegeek.com/dene/denesulhine/denesulhine.html
http://www.languagegeek.com/dene/denesulhine/chp_syllabarium.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Navajo_language
http://www.native-languages.org/chipewyin.htm
http://www10.gencat.cat/pres_casa_llengues/AppJava/frontend/llengues_detall.jsp?id=1197&idioma=5
http://multitree.org/codes/chp.html
http://www.ualberta.ca/~publicas/folio/37/09/front.html

Recordings in Chipewyan
http://globalrecordings.net/en/language/1308
http://www.horizonzero.ca/elderspeak/stories.html

Na-Dené languages

Apache, Chipewyan, Eyak, Gwich'in, Hän, Navajo, Tłı̨chǫ (Dogrib)

Other languages written with the Latin alphabet


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