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Inuktitut (ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ)

Inuktitut is an Eskimo-Aleut language spoken in Greenland, Canada, Alaska and Siberia by about 65,000 people. There is in fact a dialect continumum of Inuktitut dialects across the Arctic with varying degress of mutually intelligibility between them.

The language is used in schools and local government to some extent. It is also used on the radio and TV. In 2007 a new policy was introduced that required senior government officials to speak Inuktitut by 2008. This requirement will eventually be extended of other officials.

Inuktitut syllabary (ᖃᓂᐅᔮᖅᐸᐃᑦ / Qaniujaaqpait)

The Inuktitut syllabary was adapted from the Cree syllabary in the late 19th century by John Horden and E. A. Watkins, missionaries from England. Edmund Peck promoted the use of the syllabary across the Canadian Arctic, and also translated the bible into Inuktitut, and wrote an Eskimo Grammar and an Eskimo-English Dictionary.

In 1976 the Language Commission of the Inuit Cultural Institute approved two standardized writing systems for Inuktitut in Canada: one using the syllabary and the other using the Latin alphabet.

Today the Inuktitut syllabary, which is known as titirausiq nutaaq (ᑎᑎᕋᐅᓯᖅ ᓄᑕᐊᖅ) or qaniujaaqpait (ᖃᓂᐅᔮᖅᐸᐃᑦ), is used mainly in Canada, especially in the territory of Nunavut (ᓄᓇᕗᑦ), the population of which is 85% Inuit, and in Nunavik (ᓄᓇᕕᒃ), Quebec. The Latin alphabet, known as qaliujaaqpait is used in other parts of Canada, Alaska and Greenland, while in Siberia the Cyrillic alphabet is used.

Notable features

Inuktitut syllabary

Sample texts in Inuktitut

Nunavut Inuktitut

ᐃᓄᓗᒃᑖᑦ ᐃᓅᓕᓵᓐᖑᖅᐳᑦ ᓇᖕᒥᓃᕈᖕᓇᓯᒪᖃᖅɬᐅᑎᒃ ᐊᔾᔨᒌᖕᒥᒡᓗ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᔾᔪᑦᓯᐊᖃᖅɬᐅᑎᒡᓗ ᐱᔪᖕᓇᐅᑎᑕᐅᖃᖅɬᐅᑎᒃ. ᐃᓱᒪᒃᓴᖅᓯᐅᕈᖕᓇᑦᓯᐊᕐᓂᕐᒥᒃ ᐃᓅᑦᓯᐊᕈᑎᒋᔭᕐᓗ ᐱᓕᖅᑐᖓᐅᑦᑐᑦ, ᐊᓯᐊᓐᖑᕐᓄᓪᓗ ᐃᓕᐅᕐᓂᕐᕕᖃᑎᒌᑦᑕᕈᒃᓴᕆᐊᖃᕋᓗᐊᖅᐳᑦ ᖃᑕᓐᖑᑎᒌᖅᖃᑎᒌᑦᑐᑦ ᐊᓂᕐᓂᖅᓵᕐᓂ. (ᑎᑎᖅᖃᖅᓯᒪᔪᖅ 1 ᑭᑐᑐᐃᓐᓇᑦ ᐱᔪᖕᓇᐅᑎᑦ ᓯᓚᕐᔪᐊᕐᒥᐅᖃᑎᒌᓐᓄᑦ ᓇᓗᓇᐃᖅᓯᐅᑎᑦ)

Transliteration

Inuluktaat inuulisaannguqput nangminiirungnasimaqaqɬutik ajjigiingmiglu ilitarijaujjutsiaqaqɬutiglu pijungnautitauqaqɬutik. Isumaksaqsiurungnatsiarnirmik inuutsiarutigijarlu piliqtungauttut, asianngurnullu iliurnirviqatigiittaruksariaqaraluaqput qatanngutigiiqqatigiittut anirniqsaarni.
(Titiqqaqsimajuq 1 Kitutuinnat pijungnautit silarjuarmiuqatigiinnut nalunaiqsiutit)

Nunavik Inuttitut

ᐃᓅᔪᓕᒫᑦ ᐊᓂᖅᑎᕆᔪᓕᒫᑦ ᐃᓅᓚᐅᕐᒪᑕ ᐃᓱᒪᕐᓱᕐᖢᑎᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᔾᔨᐅᖃᑎᒌᒃᖢᑎᒃ ᓂᕐᓱᐊᖑᓂᒃᑯᑦ
ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑎᑎᒍᑦ. ᐃᓱᖃᖅᑐᖁᑎᖃᕐᑎᑕᐅᕙᓕᕐᐳᑦ ᐱᔾᔪᑎᖃᕐᓂᒃᑯᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᓱᒪᒋᓯᒪᓂᒃᑯᑦ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᔾᔪᑎᖃᕆᐊᖃᓕᕐᑐᑦ
ᐃᒻᒥᖕᓅᖃᑎᒌᒡᓗᑎᒃ ᐅᒃᐱᕐᓂᒃᑯᑦ ᖃᑕᙳᑎᒌᑦᑎᐊᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᒃᑯᓪᓗ. (ᐃᓚᖓ 1 ᓯᓚᕐᔪᐊᕐᒥᐅᑦ ᓇᓗᓇᐃᖅᓯᐅᑎᖓ ᑭᓇᒃᑯᑐᐃᓐᓇᐃᑦ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑎᖏᑦ)

Transliteration

Inuujulimaat aniqtirijulimaat inuulaurmata isumarsurlhutik ammalu ajjiuqatigiiklhutik nirsuangunikkut ammalu pijunnautitigut. Isuqaqtuqutiqartitauvalirput pijjutiqarnikkut ammalu isumagisimanikkut qanuilijjutiqariaqalirtut immingnuuqatigiiglutik ukpirnikkut qatanngutigiittiariaqarnikkullu.
(Ilanga 1 Silarjuarmiut nalunaiqsiutinga kinakkutuinnait pijunnautingit)

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Information about Inuktitut | Inuktitut phrases | Tower of Babel in Inuktitut

Links

Information Inuktitut and Nunavut
http://www.nunavut.com/nunavut99/
http://members.shaw.ca/kcic1/nunavut.html
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~inuit/

Information about the Inuktitut Syllabary
http://www.languagegeek.com/inu/inu_syllabarium.html
http://www.itk.ca/communications/technology-syllabics.php
http://www.translitteration.com/transliteration/en/inuktitut/canadian-aboriginal-syllabics/

Online Inuktitut lessons
http://www.tusaalanga.ca

Inuktitut Dictionary
http://www.livingdictionary.com

Inuktitut phrases
http://www.sheswanderful.com/2014/07/21/15-inuktitut-words-to-know-before-visiting-iqaluit/
https://www.uaf.edu/anlc/resources/phrases/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iPGAbctSHuY http://wikitravel.org/en/Inuktitut_phrasebook
http://icor.ottawainuitchildrens.com/node/15
http://icor.ottawainuitchildrens.com/node/60

Inuktitut fonts
http://www.wazu.jp/gallery/Fonts_Inuktitut.html
http://www.nunavut.com
http://www.evertype.com/software/apple/

Inuktitut online radio
http://www.cbc.ca/north/programs/

Nunatsiaq news (in English)
http://www.nunatsiaq.com

Nunavut Arctic College (in Inuktitut & English)
http://www.nac.nu.ca

Government of Nunavut (in Inuktitut, French & English)
http://www.gov.nu.ca

Nunasoft - Inuktitut software and other resources
http://www.nunasoft.com

Eskimo-Aleut languages

Aleut, Greenlandic, Inuktitut, Iñupiaq, Yup'ik

Syllabic alphabets / abugidas


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