The Tolong Siki alphabet was devised by Dr Narayan Oraon,
a doctor from Jharkhand, with assistance from Francis Ekka,
the former director of the Central Institute of Indian Languages
(CIIL) in Mysore; Ramdayal Munda, the former Vice Chancellor
of Ranchi University; and Nirmal Minz.
In 1989 Dr Oraon decided to create a new script for his native
language, Kurukh, which is usually written with the Devanagari
alphabet. His alphabet was published on 15th May 1999, and introduced
into some schools later that year. It was formally recognised by
the government of Jharkhand in 2007.
Tolong Siki is now promoted by the Kurukh Literary Society, and
quite a few books and magazines have been published in it. It
also taught in a number of schools.
- Type of writing system: alphabet
- Direction of writing: left to right in horizontal lines
Used to write:
a Dravidian language spoken mainly in the Indian state of Orissa, and also in
Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and West Bengal, by about
two million people. There are also some Kurukh speakers in Bangladesh,
Nepal and Bhutan. Kurukh, which is also known as Uraon, Kurux, Kunrukh,
Kunna, Urang, Morva and Birhor, is closely related to Brahui and Malto.
Tolong Siki alphabet
Information about the Tolong Siki alphabet and the Kurukh language
Languages written with the Devanāgarī alphabet
Nepal Bhasa / Newari,
Mongolian Horizontal Square Script,
New Tai Lue,