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Odia   Odia (ଓଡ଼ିଆ)

Odia is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by about 33 million people mainly in the Indian state of Odisha, and also in West Bengal, Jharkhand, and Gujarat. Odia is closely related to Bengali and Assamese, and used to be known as Oriya, and Odisha used to be known as Orissa in English.

Written Odia

The Odia script developed from the Kalinga script, one of the many descendents of the Brahmi script of ancient India. The earliest known inscription in the Odia language, in the Kalinga script, dates from 1051.

The curved appearance of the Odia script is a result of the practice of writing on palm leaves, which have a tendency to tear if you use too many straight lines.

Notable features

Odia alphabet

Vowels and vowel diacritics with k

Odia vowels and vowel diacritics

Consonants

Odia consonants

Some conjunct consonants

Some Odia conjunct consonants

Numerals

Odia numerals

Sample texts

ସବୁ ମନୁଷ୍ୟ ଜନ୍ମକାଳରୁ ସ୍ୱାଧୀନ. ସେମାନଙ୍କର ମର୍ଯ୍ୟାଦା ଓ ଅଧିକାର ସମାନ. ସେମାନଙ୍କଠାରେ ପ୍ରଜ୍ଞା ଓ ବିବେକ ନିହିତ ଅଛି. ସେମାନେ ପରସ୍ପର ପ୍ରତି ଭାତୃଭାବ ପୋଷଣ କରି କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ କରିବା ଦରକାର.

Transliteration

Sabu manuṣẏa janmaukāḷaru svadhīna, ṣemānaṅkara marsẏāḍā o adhaikāra samāna, semānaṅaṭhāre prabã o bibeka naiha ṭachai, semāne paraspara paba brādahaba paiṣaṣa karai ṭhārpẏa jakairā ḍarakāra.

A recording of this text

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Odia pangram (by Subhashish Panigrahi)

ଶାଠ କହେ ଋତୁରେ ନଈ କଡ଼େ ଝଟା କି ଲଟାଟିଏ ଅହିରାଜ ଯଥା ଗଛରେ ଘର କରି ତା' ଦେହେ ମାତଇ ଆଉ ପ୍ରକୃତିରୁ ସକଳ ଜୀବନୀ ଖୋଜା ଊଣା ହେଲେ ଐକତାନେ ପଚା କଢ଼, ଫୁଲ ଓ ପତର-ଔଷଧୀ ଆହାର ଭରି ବଞ୍ଚେ ।

Translation

As we know that during the right season, on the bank of the river, a creeper would make a tree its home and grow over it like a krait, and when the nutrients from the nature fall short, the creeper feed on rotten buds, flowers and leaves making them its medicine.

Odia pangram (by Nasim Ali)

ଈଶ୍ୱର ସାର କହୁଥିଲେ ଯେ "ପିରିୟଡ଼ିକ ଟେବୁଲ"ର ମଝିରେ ଥିବା ଯବକ୍ଷାରଜାନ ସପ୍ତମ ମୌଳିକ ଓ ଓଜନ ହେଉଛି ୧୫ରୁ ଊଣା ଆଉ ଏ ଋକ୍ଷ ବାଷ୍ପଟି ଶଲ୍ୟ ଚିକିତ୍ସାର ନିଶ୍ଚେତକଠାରୁ ହୃଦ୍‌ରୋଗ ପାଇଁ ଔଷଧ, କ୍ଷେପଣାସ୍ତ୍ରର ଶକ୍ତିକୋଷ, ଥଣ୍ଡା ଫ୍ରିଜରର ଐକୀକ ଘଟକ, ଖାଦ୍ୟ ନ ସଢ଼ିବା ଭଳି ପ୍ୟାକେଜିଂ ତିଆରିରେ ଲାଗେ

Translation

Ishwar sir was saying that "Nitrogen is the seventh element of periodic table and has a mass less than 15 and its existence ranges from anesthesia for surgery to medicine for cardiac diseases, missile energy, basic part of a freezing unit and preservative to prevent spoiling of food."

Information about Odia | Odia phrases | Tower of Babel in Odia

Links

Information about the Odia language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odia_language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odia_alphabet
http://www.orissadiary.com/orissa_profile/orissalanguage.asp

Odia lessons
http://learnoriya.blogspot.co.uk/

Odia phrases
http://wikitravel.org/en/Odia_phrasebook
http://www.mikecook.com/phrase/oriya.html

Odia dictionary
http://dictionary.tamilcube.com/oriya-dictionary.aspx
http://www.freelang.net/online/oriya.php

Odia fonts
http://www.wazu.jp/gallery/Fonts_Oriya.html

Type in Odia online
http://www.google.com/transliterate/oriya
http://www.bhashaindia.com/ilit/Oriya.aspx

Odia Unicode convertors
https://goo.gl/CmCF1q

Odia news
http://www.thesamaja.com
http://odishasamaya.com/home.php

Indo-Aryan languages

Awadhi, Assamese, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Chakma, Dhivehi, Fiji Hindi, Gujarati, Hindi, Kashmiri, Konkani, Kotia, Kutchi, Maithili, Marathi, Marwari, Modi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Romani, Saraiki, Sarnámi Hindustani, Sindhi, Sinhala, Sourashtra, Sugali, Sylheti, Urdu

Syllabic alphabets / abugidas