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Marāṭhī (मराठी)

Marathi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by about 71 million people mainly in the Indian state of Maharashtra and neighbouring states. Marathi is also spoken in Israel and Mauritius. Marathi is thought to be a descendent of Maharashtri, one of the Prakrit languages which developed from Sanskrit.

Marathi first appeared in writing during the 11th century in the form of inscriptions on stones and copper plates. From the 13th century until the mid 20th century, it was written with the Modi alphabet. Since 1950 it has been written with the Devanāgarī alphabet.

Devanāgarī alphabet for Marathi

Vowels and vowel diacritics

Marathi vowels and vowel diacritics


Marathi consonants


Marathi numerals and numbers

Sample text in Marathi

सर्व मनुष्यजात जन्मतःच स्वतंत्र आहे व सर्वजणांना समान प्रतिष्ठा व समान अधिकार आहेत. त्यांना विचारशक्ती व सदसद्विवेकबुद्धी लाभलेली आहे व त्यांनी एकमेकांशी बंधुत्वाच्या भावनेने आचरण करावे.

Sarva manuṣyajāt janmataḥc svataṅtra āhe va sarvajaṇāṅnā pdkulkarni samān pratiṣṭhā va samān adhikār āhēt. Tyānnā vicāraśakti va sadasadvivekabuddhi lābhalelī āhe va tyāṅnī ekamekaṅśī baṅdhutvācyā bhāvanēnē ācaraṇ karāvē.

A recording of this text by Ganesh Deshmukh


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Thanks to Arvind Iyengar for providing the above sample text and to Mrunal for corrections to this page.

Information about Marathi | Useful phrases in Marathi | Tower of Babel in Marathi


Information about the Marathi language

Marathi and Maharashtra related resources

Online Marathi lessons

Marathi phonology (includes recordings)

Marathi phrases

Online Marathi dictionaries

Online Marathi news

Online Marathi radio

Devanagari script tutor

Free Devanagari fonts

Indo-Aryan languages

Awadhi, Assamese, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Chakma, Dhivehi, Fiji Hindi, Gujarati, Hindi, Kashmiri, Konkani, Kotia, Kutchi, Maithili, Marathi, Marwari, Modi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Romani, Saraiki, Sarnámi Hindustani, Sindhi, Sinhala, Sourashtra, Sugali, Sylheti, Urdu

Languages written with the Devanāgarī alphabet