Kashmiri or Koshur is a member of the Dardic subgroup of the
Indo-Aryan language. It has around 5.5 million speakers mainly
in the Kashmir Valley in Jammu and Kashmir in northern India.
There are also around a hundred thousand Kashmiri speakers in
Kashmiri first appeared in writing during the 8th century AD
in the Sharda alphabet, which is still
used in religious ceremonies by Kashmiri Pandits. After the
arrival of Islam in Kashmir during the 15th century, the Arabic
script was adapted to write Kashmiri. Today Kashmiri Muslims
write their language with the Arabic script, and Kashmiri Hindus
used the Devanagari alphabet.
Kashmiri is one of the official languages of India, and is taught
in all schools in the Kashmir valley.