The Moriscos (Spanish for "Moor-like") were Muslims in Spain and Portugal
how were forced to convert to Christianity at the beginning of the 16th
century. Many Moriscos continued to practice Islam, most in secret, but
some did so openly. A decree issued by King Felipe II in 1566 oblidged the
Moriscos to adopt Spanish language, dress and customs. A number of
unsuccessful rebellions of the Moriscos led to them being relocated
from Granada to other parts of Spain, particularly Castile. At the
beginning of the 17th century the Moriscos were expelled from Spain
to Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco.
The Moriscos produced books known as aljamiados, which written
in Spanish using the Arabic alphabet and were used to instruct fellow Moriscos
Morisco alphabet (alfabeto aljamiado / اَلخَمِيَ)
Sample text in the Morisco alphabet
Del galardón de los sabios - diso un recontador - quien
demandará por camino y carrera para aprender sensia y
sabiduria, enderesólo Dios ad aquel tal á un camino de
los caminos del paraiso y los ángeles estienden sus alas
á los [...].
Translation (by Michael Peter Füstumum)
From the award of the wise men - said a teller - who will
demand by road and race to learn science and wisdom, God
straightened him into a way of the ways of the paradise and
the angels spread their wings to [...].