Bosnian is a South Slavic language spoken mainly in Bosnia and
Herzegovina by about 2.2 million people. On a formal level, Bosnian
began to emerge as a distinct language after the break up of Yugoslavia
in the 1990s. It became one of official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina
in 1994, along with Croatian and Serbian.
Bosnian is written with both the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets.
Historically it was written with a version of the Cyrillic alphabet
known as Bosnian Cyrillic from the late 10th century. This alphabet
was only used in Bosnia. During the Ottoman era Bosnian was written
with a version of the Arabic alphabet.
The first Bosnian dictionary, a rhymed Bosnian–Turkish glossary
authored by Muhamed Hevaji Uskufi, was composed in 1631.
Bosnian is closely related to and mutually intelligible with
Croatian, Serbian and Montenegrin. For more information see an article about
Serbo-Croatian language issues.
Bosnian Cyrillic alphabet
This chart shows the Bosnian Cyrillic alphabet, which was used
from the 10th century until the 20th century, in some places. It was
never standardised and most letters had several different forms - the
typical forms are shown here. Some of the letters used in the modern
Bosnian Cyrillic alphabet were not used in this version, and there
are some extras letters that are no longer used.
Arabic alphabet for Bosnian (Arabica/Alhamijado/Adzamijski)
Latin and Cyrillic alphabets for Bosnian
Bosnian sample text in the Cyrillic alphabet
Cвa љyдскa бићa paђajy
сe слoбoднa и jeднaкa
y дoстojaнствy и пpaвимa.
Oнa сy oбдapeнa paзyмoм и
свиjeшћy и тpeбa дa jeднo
пpeмa дpyгoмe пoстyпajy y
Bosnian sample text in the Latin alphabet
Sva ljudska bića rađaju se slobodna i jednaka u dostojanstvu i pravima.
Ona su obdarena razumom i sviješću i treba da jedno prema drugome
postupaju u duhu bratstva.
Bosnian sample text in the Arabic alphabet
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood. (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)