Wolof is a member of the Senegambian branch of the Niger-Congo language family
with about 7 million speakers in Senegal, France, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali and Mauritania.
Wolof is one of the six national languages of Senegal (Senegaal
along with Serer, Mandinka, Pulaar, Diola and Soninke.
Wolof was first written with a version of the Arabic script
known as Wolofal, which is still used by many older men in Senegal.
The Wolof orthography using the Latin alphabet
was standardised in 1974 and is the official script for Wolof in Senegal.
Wolof is also sometimes written with the Garay alphabet
which was devised by Assane Faye, a Senegalese artist, in 1961. This alphabet
is written from right to left and is modelled loosely on the Arabic script.
Latin alphabet for Wolof
Doubled consonants are pronunced with long versions of the sounds
Wolofal (Arabic script for Wolof)
The order of the letters and their transcription is based on the
Wolof alphabet chart in Afrikan Alphabets by Saki Mafundikwa.
Each consonant has two forms, though how these are used is not
Sample text in the Latin alphabet
Doomi aadama yépp danuy juddu, yam ci tawfeex ci sag ak
sañ-sañ. Nekk na it ku xam dëgg te ànd na ak
xelam, te war naa jëflante ak nawleen, te teg ko ci wàllu mbokk.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood. (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)