Macedonian is a South Slavic language spoken by about three million people. There are some two million speakers in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), and perhaps another million or so in other countries, especially in Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Serbia, the USA, Australia and Canada. Macedonian is recognised as a minority language in Albania, Romania and Serbia, and is taught at university in a number of countries, including Australia, Canada, Croatia, Italy, Russia, Serbia, the USA and the UK.
Macedonian has a high degree of mutual intelligibility with Bulgarian, and to a lesser extent with Serbian.
The varieties of southern Slavic spoken in what is now the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) (Поранешна Југословенска Република Македонија (ПЈРМ)) were codified as Macedonian in 1940 and became the official language of Socialist Republic of Macedonia (Социјалистичка Република Македонија) in 1945.
A modern standard written version of Macedonian appeared in 1945. Since then many literary works have been published in Macedonian. Literary Macedonian is based on the dialects of the West Central region (Prilep, Kičevo, Bitola, Kruševo and Lerin).
The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) Поранешна Југословенска Република Македонија (ПЈРМ) is the name recognised by international organisations, Greece and a number of other countries. The constitutional name of the country Република Македонија (Republic of Macedonia) is recognised by over 100 countries. Some countries use both names in different circumstances.
The constitution of the FYROM names the national language as "Macedonian" (македонски, makedonski), and this name is also used by international bodies, such as the United Nations and the World Health Organisation, and in the field of Slavic Studies. Other names are also used to disambiguate the language from Ancient Macedonian, a dialect of Greek, or a language closely-related to, or influenced by Greek that was spoken in what is now northern Greece until about the 4th century BC.
In Greece the modern Slavic language is known as Macedonian Slav(ic), (македонски словенски), Slavic Macedonian, Macedonian (Slavonic) or Slavomacedonian (славомакедонски / Σλαβομακεδονικά)
This is the official method of Romanizing Macedonian and is used in passports.
Ситe чoвeчки суштeствa сe рaѓaaт слoбoдни и eднaкви пo дoстoинствo и прaвa. Tиe сe oбдaрeни сo рaзум и сoвeст и трeбa дa сe oднeсувaaт eдeн кoн друг вo дуxoт нa oпштo чoвeчкaтa припaднoст.
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All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
The Macedonian alphabet with sound files
Online Macedonian lessons
Online Macedonian dictionary
Find a Macedonian language exchange partner
Online Macedonian radio and news