Abaza is a North West Caucasian language spoken by about 45,000 people in the Russian autonomous republics of Karachay-Cherkessia and Adygea, and also in Germany, Turkey and the USA. It is fairly closely related to Abkhaz and is intelligible with it to some extent.
Like other Caucasian languages, Abaza has a large number of consonants (63) and few vowels. As a result, it is considered by linguists to be one of the most difficult Caucasian languages to learn
Between 1932 and 1938 Abaza was written with the Latin alphabet. Since 1938 however, it has been written with the version of the Cyrillic alphabet shown below. In Turkey it is still written with the Latin alphabet.
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