Bulgarian (Български)

Bulgarian is a Southern Slavic language with about 12 million speakers mainly in Bulgaria, but also in Ukraine, Macedonia, Serbia, Turkey, Greece, Romania, Canada, USA, Australia, Germany and Spain. Bulgarian is mutually intelligible with Macedonian, and fairly closely related to Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian and Slovenian.

Bulgarian was the first Slavic language to be written: it start to appear in writing during the 9th century in the Glagolitic alphabet, which was gradually replaced by an early version of the Cyrillic alphabet over the following centuries.

At the end of the 18th century the Russian version of Cyrillic or the "civil script" of Peter the Great (1672-1725) was adapated to write Bulgarian as a result of the influence of printed books from Russia. During the 19th century a number of versions of this alphabet containing between 28 and 44 letters were used. In the 1870s a version of the alphabet with 32 letters proposed by Marin Drinov became widely used. This version remained in use until the orthographic reform of 1945 when the letters yat (Ѣ ѣ), and yus (Ѫ ѫ) were removed from the alphabet.

A modern literary language based on vernacular spoken Bulgarian was standardised after Bulgaria became independent in 1878. Many Turkish words were adopted into Bulgarian during the long period of Ottoman rule. Words have also been borrowed from Latin, Greek, Russian, French, Italian, German and increasingly from English.

Bulgarian alphabet (българска азбука)

Cyrillic alphabets for Bulgarian

Listen to a recording of the Bulgarian alphabet by Стефан Валериев Станчев

Notes on Bulgarian pronunciation

Sample text

Всички хора се раждат свободни и равни по достойнство и права. Tе са надарени с разум и съвест и следва да се отнасят помежду си в дух на братство.

Transliteration

Vsichki hora se razhdat svobodni i ravni po dostoynstvo i prava. Te sa nadareni s razum i savest i sledva da se otnasyat pomezhdu si v duh na bratstvo.

Listen to a recording of this text by Стефан Валериев Станчев

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Recordings on this page by Стефан Валериев Станчев (Stefan Valeriev Stančev)

Information about Bulgarian | Useful phrases | Tower of Babel | Language learning materials

Links

Information about the Bulgarian language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulgarian_language

Online Bulgarian lessons
http://mylanguages.org/learn_bulgarian.php
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O9K9FlhySws
http://www.101languages.net/bulgarian/
http://www.easybulgarian.com/
http://www.learn-bulgarian.net
http://www.mastylo.net
http://learnbulgarian.net

Learn Bulgarian in Bulgaria

Elementary On-Line Bulgarian Grammar
http://www.scribd.com/doc/16660182/Elementary-Bulgarian-Grammar

Bulgarian phrases
http://www.mybulgaria.info/information-about-bulgaria-2.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/languages/other/quickfix/bulgarian.shtml
http://www.linguanaut.com/english_bulgarian.htm
http://www.learn-bulgarian.net

Online Bulgarian dictionaries
http://www.eurodict.com
http://www.newobjects.com/dict.asp
http://sa.dir.bg/

Bulgarian Electronic talking dictionaries
http://www.ectaco.com

Online Bulgarian translator
http://www.prevodachbg.com/

Bulgarian transliteration and spell checkers
http://bg.translit.cc/
http://www.translitteration.com/transliteration/en/bulgarian/streamlined/

Online Bulgarian radio
http://www.eurodict.com
http://www.newobjects.com/dict.asp
http://sa.dir.bg/

Online Bulgarian news
http://www.dnevnik.bg
http://news.bg
http://www.dnes.bg
http://www.radar.bg
http://novina.bg

Free Cyrillic fonts
http://www.wazu.jp/gallery/Fonts_CyrS.html
http://www.fingertipsoft.com/ref/cyrillic/fontlist.html
http://free.type.org.ua/en/

Slavic languages

Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Kashubian, Macedonian, Montenegrin, Old Church Slavonic, Polish, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, Silesian, Slovak, Slovenian, Sorbian, Ukrainian

Other languages written with the Cyrillic alphabet


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