Avar or ma'arul mats is a North East Caucasian language spoken
by about 601,000 people mainly in the Russian republic of Dagestan and in the
Zakatala region of Azerbaijan. There are also small numbers of speakers in
the Russian republics of Chechnya and Kalmykia, in Georgia, Kazakhstan,
Jordan and Turkey
It has four main dialects: Khunzakh, Antsukh, Charoda and Gidatl, which have
only limited mutual intelligibility. The Khunzakh dialect or
болмацI (bolmats) acts as a lingua
franca between Avar speakers and is the basis for written Avar.
Avar was written with the Old Georgian alphabet from the 15th century, and with
the Arabic alphabet from the 17th century until the early 20th century. From 1928
to 1938 the Latin alphabet used, then the Cyrillic alphabet became standard.