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Avar (магІарул мацІ)

Avar or ma'arul mats is a North East Caucasian language spoken by about 601,000 people mainly in the Russian republic of Dagestan and in the Zakatala region of Azerbaijan. There are also small numbers of speakers in the Russian republics of Chechnya and Kalmykia, in Georgia, Kazakhstan, Jordan and Turkey

It has four main dialects: Khunzakh, Antsukh, Charoda and Gidatl, which have only limited mutual intelligibility. The Khunzakh dialect or болмацI (bolmats) acts as a lingua franca between Avar speakers and is the basis for written Avar.

Avar was written with the Old Georgian alphabet from the 15th century, and with the Arabic alphabet from the 17th century until the early 20th century. From 1928 to 1938 the Latin alphabet used, then the Cyrillic alphabet became standard.

Avar Arabic alphabet

Avar Arabic alphabet

Avar Latin alphabet (1928-38)

Avar Latin alphabet (1928-38)

Avar Cyrillic alphabet

Avar Cyrillic alphabet

Sample text

اوار ماض (حامزاتێل راسۇل)

نۈڸ ماڨێڸ وێڮانا، ڨالدا ڸۇق - ڸۇقۇن،
ڨۇردا كُېر ڃُان ئۇنېو، بێدا وېضّۇن دۇن؛
ڨۇرۇڬێ باطاڸۇن صېوې ئۇناڬۈ،
صۈ ڸارال راعالدا عۈدۈو كّۈلېو دۇن.

ڸار چُاخّۇلېب بۇڬۈ چابخێل گّالاڅان،
ڸێن گانضۇلېب بۇڬۈ ڬانڃازدا طاسان؛
طاراماغادێسېب قُال بالېب بۇڬۈ،
قۈ ڸێگێلان دێصا سۈعاب راڨالدا

Авар мацI (ХӀамзатил Расул)

Нолъ макьилъ вихьана, кьалда лъукъ-лъукъун,
Кьурда квер чIван унев, бида вецIцIун дун;
Кьуруги батIалъун цеве унаго,
Цо лъарал рагIалда гIодов кколев дун.

Лъар чваххулеб буго чабхил кIкIалахъан,
Лъин кIанцIулеб буго ганчIазда тIасан;
ТIарамагъадисеб къвал балеб буго,
Къо лъикIилан дица согIаб ракьалда.
A poem by ХӀамзатил Расул (Rasul Xamzatov), an Avar poet from Russia.

Avar maⱬ (Ħamzatil Rasul)

Noļ maꝗiļ viҳana, ꝗalda ļuq-ļuqun,
Ꝗurda кvеr çvan unеv, bida vеⱬⱬun dun;
Ꝗuruⱨ baţaļun s̶еvе unago,
Co ļaral raⱨalda ⱨodov ккolеv dun.

Łar cvaxxulеb bugo cabxil ⱪⱪalax̶an,
Łin ⱪanⱬulеb bugo gançazda ţaсan;
Ţaramaƣadiсеb qval balеb bugo,
Qo ļiⱪilan dis̶a сoⱨab raꝗalda.

Latin and Arabic alphabets and sample text provided by Michael Peter Füstumum

Information about Avar | Tower of Babel in Avar

Links

Information about the Avar language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avar_language
http://www.indopedia.org/Avar_language.html http://maarul.vnvsoft.com/indexen.html
http://www.biodatabase.de/Avar language
http://www.unilang.org/wiki/index.php/Avar

Online Avar lessons
http://gilles.authier.free.fr/avar.htm
http://www.philology.ru/linguistics4/madiyeva-67.htm

Northeast Caucasian languages

Aghul, Akhvakh, Andi, Archi, Avar, Bagvalal, Bats, Botlikh, Budukh, Caucasian Albanian, Chamalal, Chechen, Dargwa, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Karata, Khinalug, Khwarshi, Kryts, Kubachi, Lak, Lezgian, Rutul, Tabassaran, Tindi, Tsakhur, Tsez, Udi

Other languages written with the Cyrillic alphabet