Ter Sámi (Са̄мь кӣлл / saa'mekiill)
Ter Sámi is an Easter Sámi language spoken in the northeast
of the Kola Peninsula in Russia. In 2010 only two people spoke this language.
At the end of the 19th century about 450 people spoke Ter Sámi in six
villages in the east of the Kola Peninsula. During the 1930s as a result
of Soviet collectivisaiton, the Ter Sámi people were forbidden to speak
their language at home and in schools, and the inhabitants of the largest
Ter Sámi village, Jokanga, were forced to move to the Gremikha military base
in 1964. By 2004 the number of Ter Sámi people had dwindled to 100, and only
two of them spoke Ter Sámi - the remainder had shifted to Russian.
The is no standard spelling system for Ter Sámi, and the language
is only partly documented. There are some collections of text specimens,
audio recordings and dictionaries made by linguists, but there is no
The British explorer Stephen Burrough compiled a short vocabulary
of Ter Sámi in 1557, which was published by Richard Hakluyt. This
was the first known documention of a Sámi language.
A spelling system for Ter Sámi using the Latin alphabet and
based on Skolt Sámi was developed in the 1930s. After the Second
World War this was replaced by a system using the Cyrillic alphabet
and based on Kildin Sámi.
Latin alphabet for Ter Sámi
Cyrillic alphabet for Ter Sámi
Some of the information on this page was supplied by 이윤호
Numbers in Ter Sámi
Information about Ter Sámi
Other languages written with the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets