Southern Sami is a variety of Western Sami spoken in parts of
Norway and Sweden, particularly in the municipalities of Snåsa and
Hattfjelldal in Norway, by about 600 of the 2,000 of so Southern
Sami people. Southern Sami as two dialects: northern and southern,
with only small differences between them.
The Southern Sami orthography currently in use was approved by
the Sami Language Board in 1976. Only a few books have been published
Southern Sami, including Southern Sami-Norwegian dictionary.
Southern Sami is taught in nursery and primary schools in
Snåsa and Hattfjelldal, and in a number of high schools.
There are also courses in Southern Sami in one college, and local
newspapers publish articles in the language. Efforts are being made
to widen its use.
The letters c, ï, q, w, x, z, ä and ö are
also used, but only in foreign loanwords.
The letters æ and ø are used in Norway,
while ä and ö are used in Sweden.
Southern Sami pronunciation (northern dialect)
The sounds /i/ and /ɨ/ are normally written <i>, but
in dictionaries and other linguistically precise sources use the letter
ï for /ɨ/.
Long vowels are written by doubling the letters, e.g. åå = /o:/