Chuvash is a Turkic language with about 2 million speakers in Russia.
It is the official language of the Chuvash Republic, Чăваш
Республики, which is
also known as the Chuvashia, Чува́шия,
and is also spoken in Tatarstan and Bashkortostan.
The first Chuvash grammar was published in 1769. A number of dictionaries,
translations of religious texts and folkloric texts were published during the
18th and early 19th centuries. Chuvash has been written with a Runic script,
the Arabic alphabet, and the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets. The Cyrillic alphabet
for Chuvash was first introduced in 1873 by Ivan Yakovlevich Yakovlev. Since then it
has undergone a number of revisions, particularly in 1938. The Latin alphabet is
sometimes used as well, though there is no standard, official version.