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Turkmen (Türkmen dili / Түркмен дили)

Turkmen is a Turkic language spoken by about 6.4 million people in Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Germany, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia (Asia), Tajikistan, Turkey (Asia), USA and Uzbekistan.

Turkmen only started to appear in writing at the beginning of the 20th century, when it was written with the Arabic script. Between 1928 and 1940 it was written with the Latin alphabet, and from 1940 it was written with the Cyrillic alphabet. Since Turkmenistan declared independence in 1991, Turkmen has been written with a version of the Latin alphabet based on Turkish.

Cyrillic alphabet for Turkmen (түркмен элипбийи)

Cyrillic alphabet for Turkmen

Latin alphabet for Turkmen (Türkmen elipbiýi)

Latin alphabet for Turkmen


Sample text in Turkmen

Хемме адамлар өз мертебеси ве хукуклары бюнча дең ягдайда дүнйә инйәрлер. Олара аң хем выждан берлендир ве олар бир-бирлери билен доганлык рухундакы гарайышда болмалыдырлар.

Hemme adamlar öz mertebesi we hukuklary boýunça deň ýagdaýda dünýä inyärler. Olara aň hem wyždan berlendir we olar bir-birleri bilen doganlyk ruhundaky garaýyşda bolmalydyrlar.

Listen to a recording of this text by Nazar Annagurban


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Information about Turkmen | Tower of Babel in Turkmen | Turkic language learning materials


Information about the Turkmen language

Learn Turkic languages - Turkish, Turkmen and Uzbek

Online Turkmen dictionaries

Turkmen grammar

Turkmen Cyrillic-Latin converter

Online Turkmen radio

Turkic languages

Other languages written with the: Cyrillic, and Latin alphabets