Tsakhur is a northeast Caucasian language spoken in northern
Azerbaijan by about 13,000 people and in southwestern Dagestan
in the Russian Federation by about 9,770 people. The language
is named after a village in Dagestan where there is a majority
of Tsakhur speakers.
Tsakhur was first documented in 1895 by Roderich von Erckert,
and a grammar was published in 1913 by Adolf Dirr. A written
form of Tsakhur was developed in the 1930s and the language
was taught in primary schools until 1938. It was reintroduced
In Azerbaijan Tsakhur is written with a version of the Latin
alphabet, and in Dagestan the Cyrillic alphabet is used. Attempts
have been made to write the language in the Arabic script since the
Tsakhur is taught in primary schools in Dagestan and Azerbaijan,
and there are some newspapers and radio broadcasts in the language,
which has no official status.