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Khakas (Хакас тілі / Khakas tîlî)

Khakas is a Turkic language with about 60,000 speakers mainly in the southern Siberian Khakas Republic or Khakassia in the Russian Federation. There are a number of different dialects of Khakas, named after different tribes: Sagay, Kacha, Koybal, Beltir and Kyzyl, and Khakas speakers call themselves Tadar (Tatar), and their language belongs to the Uighur-Oguz group of the eastern Hun branch of Turkic languages.

In the mid-19th century a number of Finnish and Russian linguists started documenting Khakas. A literary version of the Khakas language was developed in 1924 using the Cyrillic alphabet. The Latin alphabet was used to write the language between 1929 and 1939, after which the Cyrillic alphabet was used.

Khakas Latin alphabet

Khakas alphabet

Khakas Cyrillic alphabet

Khakas alphabet

Source: http://altaica.ru/LIBRARY/BASKAKOV/khakas_grammar.pdf

Sample text

Полған на кiзi пос паза тиң тöрiпче паза тиң постың синiн пiлiнгенiн паза тöрелерiнiңде полча. Олардың сағынғаны паза арығ сағыс пар паза харындастар чiли тудынарға киректер.

Transliteration (by Shawn Kilpatrick)

Polğan na kïzï pos paza tiŋ törïpçe paza tiŋ postıŋ sinïn pïlïngenïn paza törelerïnïŋde polça. Olardıŋ sağınğanı paza arığ sağıç par paza xarındastar çïli tudınarğa kirekter.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Links

Information about the Khakas language and people
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khakas_language
http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=kjh
http://www.eki.ee/books/redbook/khakass.shtml

Online Khakas lessons (in Russian)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k_TSfdtA4xk&feature=related

Online Khakas dictionaries
http://www.freelang.net/online/khakas.php
http://www.sostik.info/

Turkic languages

Altay, Äynu, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dolgan, Gagauz, Karachay-Balkar, Karaim, Karakalpak, Kazakh, Khakas, Krymchak, Kumyk, Kyrgyz, Nogai, Old Turkic, Salar, Shor, Tatar, Teleut, Tofa, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvan, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Yakut

Other languages written with the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets


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