Brahui (Bráhuí / براوی)

Brahui is a Dravidian language spoken by about 2.2 million people mainly in the Balochistan region of Pakistan. There are also speakers in Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Qatar, Turkmenistan and the UAE. Brahui belong to the northern subfamily of Dravidian languages and is related to Kurukh and Malto, and has been influenced by Balochi and other Iranian languages. Brahui has three dialects: Kalat Brahui, Jharavan Brahui and Saravan Brahui.

Brahui has no official status and is not used in education in administration, however there is a newspaper in Brahui called Haftaí Talár. Brahui-speakers are largely illiterate.

Brahui is written with a version of the Arabic script, and also with a version of the Latin alphabet known as Brolikva or Brahui Roman Likvar, which was developed by the Brahui Language Board (Bráhuí Báşágal Brolikva) of the University of Balochistan in Quetta.

Latin alphabet for Brahui with Arabic equivalents

Latin alphabet for Brahui with Arabic equivalents

Information about Brahui pronunciation supplied by Wolfram Siegel

Brahui is quite distantly related to other Dravidian Languages. Geographically Brahui is an outlier. The major Dravidian Languages are spoken mainly in southern India. Some cognates between Brahui and other Dravidian Languages exist:

Brahui ira musi dir ba banning
Kannada eradu muru niru bai ba
English two three water mouth to come

Information supplied by Krishna Rao

Sample text

Muccá insáńk ájo o izzat ná rid aŧ barebar vadí massuno. Ofte puhí o dalíl raseńgáne. andáde ofte asi elo ton ílumí e vaddifoí e.

Brahui version provided by Professor Liaqat Sani of the Brahui Language Board, from the University of Quetta in Baluchistan

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Links

Information about Brahui
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brahui_language
http://www.lmp.ucla.edu/Profile.aspx?menu=004&LangID=207

Brahui Language Board
https://sites.google.com/site/brahuilb/

Dravidian languages

Badaga, Brahui, Gondi, Jatapu, Kannada, Kodava, Kolam, Konda, Koya, Kurukh, Malayalam, Mukha Dora, Savara, Sunuwar, Tamil, Telugu, Tulu, Yerukula

Other languages written with the Arabic script