Tulu (ತುಳು ಬಾಸೆ)

Tulu is a Southern Dravidian language spoken mainly in the southwest of Karnataka State and in part of northern Kerala State in India. There are also some Tulu speakers in Maharashtra State and in the Gulf countries. The 2001 India census reported 1.72 million Tulu speakers, though according to a 2009 estimate, the total number of speakers is between 3 and 5 million.

Tulu lipiTigalari alphabet

The Tigalari alphabet, which developed from the Grantha alphabet and resembles the Malayalam alphabet, was formerly used to write Tulu, However the majority of manuscripts in the Tigalari alphabet are in Sanskrit, with some in Kannada, and relatively few in Tulu. The earliest known texts in the Tigalari alphabet date from the 12th century AD.

The Tigalari alphabet was used mainly for for religious writings, and is still used to some extent in parts of Kanara region of Karnataka. For other purposes Tulu speakers use the Kannada alphabet.

Notable features

  • Type of writing system: abugida or alphasyllabary
  • Direction of writing: left to right in horizontal lines
  • Used to write: Sanskrit, Kannada, and Tulu

Tigalari and Kannada alphabets for Tulu

Vowels

Tulu vowels

Vowel diacritics with ka

Tulu vowel diacritics

Consonants

Tulu consonants

Links

Information about the Tulu language and the Tigalari alphabet
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tulu_language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tigalari_alphabet http://shivallibrahmins.com/tulu-language/tulu-language-and-script/
http://www.boloji.com/index.cfm?md=Content&sd=Articles&ArticleID=863
http://tinyurl.com/8tzgbxj

Dravidian languages

Badaga, Brahui, Gondi, Jatapu, Kannada, Kodava, Kolam, Konda, Koya, Kurukh, Malayalam, Mukha Dora, Savara, Sunuwar, Tamil, Telugu, Tulu, Yerukula

Syllabic alphabets / abugidas

Ahom, Badaga, Balinese, Batak, Baybayin (Tagalog), Bengali, Brahmi, Buhid, Burmese, Chakma, Cham, Dehong Dai, Devanagari, Dives Akuru, Ethiopic, Evēla Akuru, Fraser, Gondi, Grantha, Gujarati, Gupta, Gurmukhi, Hanuno'o, Javanese, Jenticha, Kaithi, Kannada, Kharosthi, Khmer, Khojki, Kulitan, Lanna, Lao, Lepcha, Limbu, Lontara/Makasar, Malayalam, Manpuri, Modi, Mongolian Horizontal Square Script, Mro, New Tai Lue, Oriya, Pahawh Hmong, Pallava, Phags-pa, Ranjana, Redjang, Shan, Sharda, Siddham, Sindhi, Sinhala, Sorang Sompeng, Sourashtra, Soyombo, Sundanese, Syloti Nagri, Tagbanwa, Takri, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Tibetan, Tigalari (Tulu), Tikamuli, Tocharian, Tolong Siki, Varang Kshiti