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Urdu (اردو)

Urdu is an Indo-Aryan language with about 104 million speakers, including those who speak it as a second language. It is the national language of Pakistan and is closely related to and mutually intelligible with Hindi, though a lot of Urdu vocabulary comes from Persian and Arabic, while Hindi contains more vocabulary from Sanskrit. Linguists consider Standard Urdu and Standard Hindi to be different formal registers both derived from the Khari Boli dialect, which is also known as Hindustani. At an informal spoken level there are few significant differences between Urdu and Hindi and they could be considered varieties a single language.

Urdu is also spoken in Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Botswana, Fiji, Germany, Guyana, India, Malawi, Mauritius, Nepal, Norway, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Thailand, the UAE, the UK and Zambia.

Urdu has been written with a version of the Perso-Arabic script since the 12th century and is normally written in Nastaliq style. The word Urdu is Turkish for 'foreign' or 'horde'.

Urdu abjad

Urdu abjad

The letter nūn-e ğunnah appears only at the ends of words and nasalises the preceding vowel.

A recording of the Urdu alphabet by محمد شکیب بیگ (Mohammad Shakeb Baig) from بھوپال، بھارت (Bhopal, India)


This recording does not include nūn-e ğunnah or the aspirated consonants.

Urdu numerals

Urdu numerals

Numerals image provided by Muhammed Nabeel Tahir Sheikh

Sample text in Urdu

تمام انسان آزاد اور حقوق و عزت کے اعتبار سے برابر پیدا ہوۓ ہیں۔ انہیں ضمیر اور عقل ودیعت ہوئی ہے۔ اسلیۓ انہیں ایک دوسرے کے ساتھ بھائی چارے کا سلوک کرنا چاہیۓ۔


Tamām insān āzād ôr ḥuqūq-o ʿizzat ke ėʿtibār se barābar peidā hū'e heiṅ. Inheṅ żamīr ôr ʿaql vadīʿat hū'ī he. Isli'e inheṅ ek dūsre ke sāth bhā'ī čāre kā sulūk karnā čāhi'e.

A recording of this text by Mustansar Malik

A recording of this text by Ganesh Deshmukh

A recording of this text by محمد شکیب بیگ (Mohammad Shakeb Baig) from بھوپال، بھارت (Bhopal, India)


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Information about Urdu | Urdu phrases | Urdu numbers | Tower of Babel in Urdu | Urdu learning materials


Information about Urdu

Information about the Urdu script

Online Urdu lessons

Urdu transliterator

Online Urdu Dictionaries

Free Urdu fonts

National Language Authority of Pakistan

Online Urdu radio

Online Urdu news

UrduPoint - information in Urdu about a wide variety of topics

Online Urdu literature

Urdu Poetry

Urdu Music

Ibtada - an Urdu portal (in Urdu)

Indo-Aryan languages

Awadhi, Assamese, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Chakma, Dhivehi, Gujarati, Hindi, Kashmiri, Konkani, Kotia, Kutchi, Maithili, Marathi, Marwari, Modi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Romany, Saraiki, Sarnámi Hindustani, Sindhi, Sinhala, Sourashtra, Sugali, Sylheti, Urdu

Other languages written with the Arabic script