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Chukchi (Луоравэтлан/Luoravetlan)

Chukchi (also spelled Chukchee, Chukot, Chuchi, or Chuchee) is a Chukotko-Kamchatkan language spoken by about 10,400 people in northeastern Siberia, mainly on the Chukchi peninsula or Chukotka between the Chukchi and Bering Seas, and also in bordering areas of the Sakha Republic, Magadan Oblast', and the Koryak Autonomous Region

There are two groups of Chukchi: the Tundra or Interior Chukchi (Chavchu - reindeer men) and the Costal Chukchi (Ankalyn - costal men). These groups are collectively known as Lygoravetlyan or Luorawetlan. The majority of Chavchu speak Chukchi and resit Russian language and culture, while most of the Ankalyn under 50 speak Russian in addition to Chukchi. Many Chukchi also speak Yakut, Lamut, and/or Yukaghir.

Chukchi was originally written with the Latin alphabet, then in the 1930s a switch was made to the Cyrillic alphabet. The first grammar of Chukchi was written by Vladimir Bogoraz (1922), a Russian revolutionary exiled to Chukotka, who also wrote an ethnographic study of the Chukchi. Since then quite a few books and newspapers in Chukchi have been published. Chukchi is can also be heard on radio and television for about an hour a day.

The name Chukchi is a Russian adaptation of the Chukchi word chauchu, meaning "rich in reindeer".

Cyrilic alphabet for Chukchi

Cyrilic alphabet for Chukchi

The blue letters are only used for Russian loanwords.

Information about Chukchi pronunciation compiled by Wolfram Siegel

Sample video in Chukchi


Information about the Chukchi language and people

Koryak-Chukchi Topical Dictionary

Photos of the Chukchi people

Other languages written with the Cyrillic alphabet

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