Croatian (Hrvatski)

Croatian in a South Slavic language spoken mainly in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Serbian province of Vojvodina and ther neighbouring countries by about 5.5 million people.

The oldest texts in Croatian date back to the 11th century and were written in the Glagolitic alphabet, mainly in Croatia. The earliest text in the Latin alphabet dates from 1345. The Glagolitic alphabet was eventually replaced by the Latin alphabet in Croatia.

Up to the mid 19th century there was no standard written form of Croatian, but there was extensive literature in different dialects. In 1850 a group of Serbian and Croatian writers and linguists decided to create a standard written form based on the widely-used Štokavian dialect.

Croatian contains many words of Latin and German origin but many new Croatian words are created by combining and adapting existing ones.

Croatian is closely related to and mutually intelligible with Serbian, Bosnian and Montenegrin. For more information see an article about Serbo-Croatian language issues.

Croatian alphabetic with Cyrillic equivalents

Croatian alphabetic with Cyrillic equivalents

Sample text in Croatian

Sva ljudska bića rađaju se slobodna i jednaka u dostojanstvu i pravima. Ona su obdarena razumom i sviješću i trebaju jedna prema drugima postupati u duhu bratstva.

Hear a recording of this text by Iva Bezinović of Školica Sprachschu​le München

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Information about Croatian | Croatian phrases | Tower of Babel in Croatian | Croatian learning materials

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Links

Information about Croatian
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Croatian_language

Online Croatian lessons and other resources
http://www.hr/hrvatska/language/
http://www.loecsen.com/travel/discover.php?lang=en&to_lang=66
http://www.youtube.com/user/Croatian101Lesson
http://mylanguages.org/learn_croatian.php
http://learn-croatian.com
http://www.learncroatian.eu/vocabulary-trainer

Online Croatian dictionaries
http://www.rjecnik.net
http://www.crodict.com

Online Croatian phrases
http://www.visit-croatia.co.uk/croatianfortravellers/
http://www.hr/hrvatska/language/
http://www.everything2.com/index.pl?node_id=1355876
http://www.bbc.co.uk/languages/other/quickfix/croatian.shtml
http://www.linguanaut.com/english_croatian.htm

BBC World Service in Croatian
www.bbc.co.uk/croatian

Croatian Electronic talking dictionaries
http://www.ectaco.com

Slavic languages

Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Kashubian, Macedonian, Montenegrin, Old Church Slavonic, Polish, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, Silesian, Slovak, Slovenian, Sorbian, Ukrainian


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