Croatian in a South Slavic language spoken mainly in Croatia,
Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Serbian province of Vojvodina and
ther neighbouring countries by about 5.5 million people.
The oldest texts in Croatian date back to the 11th century
and were written in the Glagolitic alphabet, mainly in Croatia. The
earliest text in the Latin alphabet dates from 1345. The Glagolitic alphabet
was eventually replaced by the Latin alphabet in Croatia.
Up to the mid 19th century there was no standard written form
of Croatian, but there was extensive literature in different
dialects. In 1850 a group of Serbian and Croatian writers and linguists
decided to create a standard written form based on the widely-used
Croatian contains many words of Latin and German origin but many new
Croatian words are created by combining and adapting existing ones.
Croatian is closely related to and mutually intelligible with
Serbian, Bosnian and Montenegrin. For more information see an article about
Serbo-Croatian language issues.
Croatian alphabetic with Cyrillic equivalents
Sample text in Croatian
Sva ljudska bića rađaju se slobodna i jednaka u
dostojanstvu i pravima. Ona su obdarena razumom i sviješću
i trebaju jedna prema drugima postupati u duhu bratstva.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood. (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)