Iñupiaq is an Eskimo-Aleut language spoken in the north and northwest
of Alaska by about 10,000 people, who are known as Inupiat. The language
is also known as Inupiaq, Inupiak, Inupiat, or Inupiatun.
Iñupiaq was first written by explorers in Alsaka who devised various
ways to write the language, none of which were very consistent. A spelling system
developed by Moravian missionaries in Greenland and Labrador was eventually adopted
The current system was developed by Roy Ahmaogak, an Iñupiaq
Presbyterian minister from Barrow, and Eugene Nida, a member of the Summer Institute
of Linguistics, in 1946.
Iñupiaq alphabet (Qaliujaaqpait) and pronunciation
Iñupiaq uses a vigesimal counting system and has symbols for the numbers
from 0 to 19.