Dalecarlian runes were a runic alphabet used in the
Swedish province of Dalarna/Dalecarlia until the early 20th century,
mainly to write the Elfdalian language. They developed from Younger
Futhork during the 16th century and other time became increasingly
mixed with letters from the Latin alphabet. This alphabet is also
known as Elfdalian runes or dalrunes.
This alphabet was mainly inscribed into wood and stone on furniture,
buildings, bowls, measuring sticks, etc. to write the names of the owners and/or
makings. The earliest known inscription in Daelcarlian runes, for example,
appears on a bowl from Åsen, a village in Älvdalen parish, and says
"Anders has made (this) bowl anno 1596".
Type of writing system: alphabet
Direction of writing: left to right in horizontal lines
Used to write: mainly Elfdalian
The names of the letters come from Runakänslanäs läräspan
(The first knowledge of runic learning) a copperplate engraving
by Johannes Bureus dating from 1599.
The shapes of the letters changed over time, so most letters have
several different shapes.