Lycian was an Anatolian language spoken in what is now the Antalya region of Turkey up
to about the 3rd Century BC, when the Lycians adopted Greek as their languages.
Lycian is thought to have developed from Luwian, a language spoken in Asia Minor
before the arrival of the Hittites (c. 18th century BC), and was related to Lydian.
The Lycian alphabet was adapted from an archaic version of the Doric Greek
alphabet. Only a few of the Lycian letters were original inventions, or possibly
borrowed from other alphabets. Around 180 inscriptions in Lycian dating from the
fifth and fourth centuries BC have been found. As current knowledge of the
language, particularly its grammar, is quite limited, not all the inscriptions have
been fully deciphered.
Type of writing system: alphabet
Writing direction: left to right in horizontal lines
Number of letters: 29 (23 consonants and 6 vowels)
Some letters have several variant forms
A colon-like symbol was generally used to separate words.
Note: the pronunciation of some of the letters is uncertain.
Sample text in Lycian
ebẽñnẽ prñnawu mẽn. e prñnawatẽ hanadaza hrppi ladi ehbi setideime.
Hanadaza built this building for his wife and sons.