Lycian    Lycian alphabet

Lycian was an Anatolian language spoken in what is now the Antalya region of Turkey up to about the 3rd Century BC, when the Lycians adopted Greek as their languages. Lycian is thought to have developed from Luwian, a language spoken in Asia Minor before the arrival of the Hittites (c. 18th century BC), and was related to Lydian.

The Lycian alphabet was adapted from an archaic version of the Doric Greek alphabet. Only a few of the Lycian letters were original inventions, or possibly borrowed from other alphabets. Around 180 inscriptions in Lycian dating from the fifth and fourth centuries BC have been found. As current knowledge of the language, particularly its grammar, is quite limited, not all the inscriptions have been fully deciphered.

Notable features

  • Type of writing system: alphabet
  • Writing direction: left to right in horizontal lines
  • Number of letters: 29 (23 consonants and 6 vowels)
  • Some letters have several variant forms
  • A colon-like symbol was generally used to separate words.

Lycian alphabet

Lycian alphabet

Note: the pronunciation of some of the letters is uncertain.

Sample text in Lycian

Sample text in Lycian

Transliteration

ebẽñnẽ prñnawu mẽn. e prñnawatẽ hanadaza hrppi ladi ehbi setideime.

Translation

Hanadaza built this building for his wife and sons.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lycian_alphabet

Links

Information about the Lycian language and alphabet
http://www.lycianturkey.com
http://indoeuro.bizland.com/tree/anat/lycian.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lycian_language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lycian_alphabet

Dictionary of the Lycian Language
http://www.beechstave.com/lycian.htm

Anatolian languages

Carian, Hittite, Lycian, Lydian

Alphabets

Armenian, Avestan, Bassa (Vah), Beitha Kukju, Borama / Gadabuursi, Carian, Carpathian Basin Rovas, Chinuk pipa, Coorgi-Cox, Coptic, Cyrillic, Dalecarlian runes, Elbasan, Etruscan, Galik, Georgian (Asomtavruli), Georgian (Nuskhuri), Georgian (Mkhedruli), Glagolitic, Gothic, Greek, Irish (Uncial), Kaddare, Khazarian Rovas, Korean, Latin, Leptonic, Lycian, Lydian, Manchu, Meroïtic, Mongolian, N'Ko, Ogham, Old Church Slavonic, Oirat Clear Script, Old Italic, Old Permic, Orkhon, Phrygian, Pollard script, Runic, Santali, Székely-Hungarian Rovás (Hungarian Runes), Somali (Osmanya), Sutton SignWriting, Tai Lue, Thaana, Todhri, Uyghur