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Lepontic

Lepontic is an extinct Continental Celtic language once spoken in parts of Rhaetia and Cisalpine Gaul (now northern Italy) between about 550 and 100 BC. Lepontic is considered by some scholars to be a form of Cisapline Gaulish/Celtic and a dialect of Gaulish. Others, such as M. Lejeune, believe that is was a distinct Continental Celtic language.

Lepontic was displaced first by Gaulish after Gaulish tribes settled in the area where it was spoken, and then by Latin after the Romans took control of that area during the late 2nd and 1st century BC.

Lepontic was the first Celtic language to be written, and inscriptions in Lepontic have been found in around Lugano in Switzerland, and in the areas around Lake Como and Lake Maggiore in northern Italy. They appear on monuments, coins, cups, pots, and other objects. Most are in the Lepontic or Lugano alphabet, others are in the Latin alphabet. The Lepontic alphabet was derived from the Etruscan alphabet

Notable features

Lepontic/Lugano alphabet

Lepontic/Lugano alphabet

Note: the pronuciation of Lepontic is uncertain.

Sample text

Sample text in Lepontic

Transliteration

FINIS
CAMPO · QUEM
DEDIT · ACISIUS
ARGANTOCOMATER
ECUS · COMUNEM
DEIS · ET · HOMINIB
US · ITA · UTI · LAPID(ES)
IIII · STATUTI · SUNT

AKISIOS : ARKATOKOK
MATEREKOS : TOŚO
KOTE : ATOM : TEUOχ
TOM : KONEU

Note: the first part of this in Latin. The second part from AKISIOS is in Lepontic

 

 

 

 

Source: http://www.univie.ac.at/lexlep/wiki/File:Morandi_2004_588_100.jpg

Links

Information about Lepontic
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lepontic_language
http://www.univie.ac.at/lexlep/wiki/North_Italic_Script
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Italic_alphabet#Alphabet_of_Lugano
http://rootsofeurope.ku.dk/kalender/arkiv_2012/celtic_spring/Lepontisch_WS_2010.pdf/

Lexicon Leponticum - a collection of Lepontic inscriptions
http://www.univie.ac.at/lexlep/wiki/Main_Page

Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Tartessian, Welsh

Alphabets

Armenian, Avestan, Bassa (Vah), Beitha Kukju, Borama / Gadabuursi, Carian, Carpathian Basin Rovas, Chinuk pipa, Coorgi-Cox, Coptic, Cyrillic, Dalecarlian runes, Elbasan, Etruscan, Galik, Georgian (Asomtavruli), Georgian (Nuskhuri), Georgian (Mkhedruli), Glagolitic, Gothic, Greek, Irish (Uncial), Kaddare, Khazarian Rovas, Korean, Latin, Lepontic, Lycian, Lydian, Manchu, Meroïtic, Mongolian, N'Ko, Ogham, Old Church Slavonic, Oirat Clear Script, Old Italic, Old Permic, Orkhon, Phrygian, Pollard script, Runic, Santali, Székely-Hungarian Rovás (Hungarian Runes), Somali (Osmanya), Sutton SignWriting, Tai Lue, Thaana, Todhri, Uyghur


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