Mro is a Tibeto-Burman language spoken by about 22,000 people mainly
in Bandarban District of the Chittagong Hill Tracts in Bangladesh,
and also in Sittwe (Akiab) in Rakhine State in Burma. Mru speakers,
who are known as Mros. live mainly in forest areas of Lama, Ruma,
Alikaram and Thanchi near Chimbuk Mountain of Bandarban District.
A small number also live in Rangamati Hill District.
The language is also known as Mru, which means 'human', and the
people who speak it called themselves Mro-cha ('human beings'). Other
tribes in the areas where the Mro live call them Murong
The Mro alphabet was created during the 1980s by Menlay Murang, or
Manley Mro, a Mro who believed the creation of the alphabet was a
redemption for a catastrophe told in Mro legend. The legend talks
of the god Turai writing down a script and religion for the Mro
people in a book and giving it to a cow to deliver. Unfortunately
the cow became hungry on the long journey to earth and ate the book.
Thus knowledge of the script was lost.
Around 80% of the Mro are thought to be literate in their own
script, and it is taught in schools for the first 3 grades of
Type of writing system: alphabet
Dirction of writing: left to right in horizontal lines
Used to write: Mru/Mro
The Mro alphabet is shown with the names of the letters in the
Roman alphabet, in the Bengali script, and transcribed in the IPA.