Tongan (Faka-Tonga)

Tongan is a member of the Polynesian branch of the Austronesian languages spoken by about 95,000 people mainly in Tonga. It is also spoken in American Samoa, Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand, Niue, the USA and Vanuatu. It closely related to Niue, Wallisian and Samoan.

Tongan was first written by missionaries in the early 19th century using a number of different spelling systems. The current system was promulgated by the Privy Council of Tonga in 1943.

Tongan alphabet (Ko e motu'alea Tonga)

Latin alphabet for Tongan

Notes

  • A macron (ā, ē, etc.) lengthens a vowel.
  • There are no consonant clusters or diphthongs in Tongan (ng is considered a letter, so it is not an exception).
  • All letters are fully voiced.

Sample text in Tongan

Ko e kotoa 'o ha'a tangata 'oku fanau'i mai 'oku tau'ataina pea tatau 'i he ngeia mo e ngaahi totonu. Na'e fakanaunau'i kinautolu 'aki 'a e 'atamai mo e konisenisi pea 'oku totonu ke nau feohi 'i he laumalie 'o e nofo fakatautehina.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Information about Tongan | Useful phrases in Tongan | Tower of Babel in Tongan

Links

Information about Tongan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tongan_language

Online Tongan lessons
http://www.unilang.org/course.php?res=81
http://www.digitaldialects.com/Tongan.htm

Tongan phrases
http://www.aquariumcafevavau.com/tonganphrases.html
http://www.tripadvisor.com/Travel-g294141-s604/Tonga:Important.Phrases.html
http://www.tongaturismo.info/dizionar.htm
http://www.mightyverse.com/en/languages/Tongan

Online Tongan dictionary
http://www.tongantranslator.com

News from Tonga (in Tongan and English)
http://www.planet-tonga.com

Online Tongan Radio
http://www.sbs.com.au/yourlanguage/tongan/
http://www.rnzi.com/pages/audio.php

Malayo-Polynesian languages

Acehnese, Ajië, Aklan, Anutan, Balinese, Batak, Bikol, Bugis, Buhid, Bushi, Cebuano, Cham, Chamorro, Chuukese, Cia-Cia, Cuyonon, Dawan, Drehu, Fijian, Filipino, Futunan, Hanuno'o, Hawaiian, Hiligaynon, Iban, Iloko, Indonesian, Javanese, Kadazandusun, Kapampangan, Kiribati, Madurese, Makasarese, Malagasy, Malay, Mandar, Maori, Maranao, Marshallese, Minangkabau, Moriori, Nauruan, Ndrumbea, Nias, Paamese, Paicî, Palauan, Pangasinan, Pohnpeian, Raga, Rapa Nui, Rarotongan, Rejang, Rotuman, Sakao, Samoan, Central Sinama, Sundanese, Tagalog, Tagbanwa, Tahitian, Tausūg, Tetum, Tokelauan, Tongan, Toraja-Sa'dan, Tuvaluan, Waray-Waray, Xârâcùù, Yapese,

Other languages written with the Latin alphabet