The Ndjuká syllabary was invented by Afaka Atumisi of eastern Suriname in 1910. Afaka claimed that he had a dream in which a spirit prophesied that a script would be revealed to him. He went on to invented the Ndjuká or Djuka script, which is also known as the Afaka script (afaka sikifi).
In 1915 a Catholic missionary in Suriname called Brother Bernard saw a man, Afaka Atumisi's brother-in-law Abena, reading a book written in strange symbols. Abena was one of about 30 people who know the script at that time, and he told Brother Bernard about it. One of Brother Bernard's colleagues, Father Morssink, studied the script and tried to promote it, though without much success.
The Ndjuká syllabary does not represent all the sounds of the Ndjuká language, and as it became associated with European missionaries, the Ndjuká speakers, or Nende, saw the script as a relgious one unsuitable for everyday purposes. There was also no tradition of literacy among them. It is believed that this script is no longer used.
Ndjuká or Aukaans, an English and Dutch-based creole spoken by about 25,000 people in Suriname and French Guiana. Other names for this language include Okanisi, Aukan, Njuká and Ndyuka.
Download a Ndjuká font (TrueType format, 22K).
This is apparently the first letter written by Afaka. It was copied into the Patili Molosi Buku in about 1917.
ke mi gadu | mi masa | mi bigi na ini a ulotu |
fu a papila di yu be gi afaka | ma mi de
aga siki fu dede | fa mi sa du | oli ulotu | mi go
na pamalibo na lati ati oso | tu bolo | di mi ná abi
moni | de yaki mi | de taki mi mu oloko moni fosi |
mi sa go na ati osu | da na dati mi e begi | masa
gadu fu a sa gi mi ana | fu mi deesi | a
siki fu mi | ma mi sa taki abena | a sa kon tyali
patili go na ndyuka | eke fa patili taki a bun
gi wi | ma mi de aga pe na mi ede | ala
mi noso poli na ini ye | da mi ná abi
losutu ye |
Oh my God, my Lord, I start with the words on the paper that you've given Afaka. But I'm deathly ill. How can I say it? I went to Paramaribo, Lands Hospital, two times. Because I have no money, they chased me away. They say I must first earn money (before) I go to the Hospital. Therefore I pray the Lord God that he will give me a hand with the medicine for my illness. But I will talk to Abena. He will bring this to the Priest of the Ndyuka. So as the Father says it is good for us. But I have pain in my head. All my nose is rotting from the inside, I tell you. So I have no rest, I tell you.
Information about the Ndjuká/Afaka syllabary
Information about the Aukaans language
Aukaans/Ndjuká, Bislama, Cape Verdean Creole, Chavacano, Chinook Jargon, Fanagalo, French Guianese Creole, Guadeloupean Creole, Guinea-Bissau Creole, Haitian Creole, Jamaican, Kituba, Manado Malay, Mauritian Creole, Nagamese, Norfuk, Papiamento, Pijin, Réunion Creole, Sango, Saramaccan, Seychelles Creole, Sierra Leonean Creole, Sranan, Tok Pisin, Torres-Strait Creole