Dutch (Nederlands)

Dutch is a West Germanic language with about 20 million speakers mainly in the Netherlands and Belgium. There are small Dutch-speaking communities in northern France around Dunkerque and Dutch is also spoken in Aruba, the Netherlands Antilles, Suriname and in Indonesia.

The official or standard form of Dutch is known as Algemeen Beschaafd Nederlands (ABN), 'general civilized Dutch'. It is taught in schools and used by authorities in the Netherlands, Flanders (Belgium), Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles. An association known as the Taalunie (Language Union) set up by governments of the Netherlands and Flanders regulates the orthography and spelling of ABN. Alternative names for ABN are Algemeen Nederlands (AN), general Dutch, and Standaardnederlands, standard Dutch.

The Dutch dialects spoken in Belgium are collectively know as Flemish (Vlaams). They differ to some extent from the Dutch spoken in the Netherlands in terms of intonation and pronunciation, and there are minor differences in vocabulary, including loanwords from French and English not found in Standard Dutch.

The Dutch language developed from the Lower Franconian (Niederfränkisch) dialect of Low German. The earliest known example of written Old Franconian appears in a 9th century Latin manuscript, the Laws of the Salic Franks, and in translations of the Psalms. Some poetry written in Middle Dutch dating from the 12th and 13th centuries survives. The Dutch translation of the Bible, the Staten-Bijbel, of 1619-1637 was one of the first major works in Modern Dutch.

Dutch alphabet (Nederlands alphabet)
A a B b C c D d E e F f G g H h I i
a be ce de e ef ge ha i
J j K k L l M m N n O o P p Q q R r
je ka el em en o pe ku er
S s T t U u V v W w X x Y y Z z  
es te u ve we iks y zet  

Note

There is also a digraph, IJ ij (lange ij), which was once written Y y, a letter which is now mainly used in foreign loanwords.

Dutch pronunciation (Nederlandse uitspraak)

Dutch pronunciation (Nederlandse uitspraak)

Sample text in Standard Dutch

Alle mensen worden vrij en gelijk in waardigheid en rechten geboren. Zij zijn begiftigd met verstand en geweten, en behoren zich jegens elkander in een geest van broederschap te gedragen.

A recording of this text

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Information about Dutch | Dutch phrases | Dutch colours | Dutch numbers | Dutch kinship terms | Dutch tongue twisters | Tower of Babel in Dutch | Dutch learning materials

Links

Information about the Dutch language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_language
http://www.lowlands-l.net/anniversary/nederlands-info.php
http://www.onzetaal.nl
http://taalunieversum.org

Transparent Language

Online Dutch lessons
http://www.learndutch.org/
http://www.speakdutch.nl/
http://www.taalthuis.com
http://www.languagetrav.com/dutch/
http://sayitindutch.web-log.nl
http://www.foreigndocuments.com/learndutch/
http://learndutch.elanguageschool.net
http://www.valley-trail.com/Dutch_Courses.htm
http://www.2bdutch.nl
http://www.dutchgrammar.com
http://www.heardutchhere.net
http://learnpractice.com

Learn Dutch online with DutchPod101 | Dutch learning software

Dutch phrases
http://www.single-serving.com/Dutch/
http://youtu.be/A-Gn12fXXrM?list=PLA5UIoabheFM3fi9i9xw6ODUoSqyKJYU7
http://www.smartphrase.com/Dutch/dutch.shtml
http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/language/dutch-phrases.html
http://www.linguanaut.com/english_dutch.htm

Official Dutch spelling (Woordenlijst Nederlandse Taal)
http://woordenlijst.org

Koninklijke Academie voor Nederlandse Taal- en Letterkunde (Royal Academy for Dutch language and literature): http://www.kantl.be

Test your Dutch level
http://www.learndutch.com/Test-your-level.html

Sites that provide words of the day in Dutch
http://www.woordvanvandaag.nl

Afrikaans and Dutch humour newsletter
http://grappies.com

Moeilijke woorden (a guide to difficult Dutch words)
http://moeilijkewoorden.org/

Dutch Flashcards
http://www.dutch-flashcards.com
http://www.flashcardexchange.com/tag/dutch

Online Dutch dictionaries
http://www.mijnwoordenboek.nl
http://www.freedict.com/onldict/dut.html
http://www.stars21.com/dictionary/English-Dutch_dictionary.html
http://lookwayup.com/free/DutchEnglishDictionary.htm
http://www.freelang.net/online/dutch.php
http://gtb.inl.nl
http://www.vandale.nl/vandale/opzoeken/woordenboek/
http://www.interglot.nl
http://www.woorden.org
http://www.encyclo.nl
http://www.muiswerk.nl/WRDNBOEK/INHOUD.HTM

Dutch Electronic talking dictionaries
http://www.ectaco.com

Online Dutch radio
http://www.rnw.nl
http://www.radioblack.nl
http://q-music.nl/live/luister_live

Online Dutch TV
http://nos.nl
http://www.uitzendinggemist.nl
http://www.nederland.tv
http://www.allekanalen.nl/nederlandse-kanalen.html
http://www.tvgids.nl/alleprogrammas/

Online Dutch news
http://www.nd.nl
http://www.ad.nl
http://www.telegraaf.nl
http://www.nieuws.nl
http://www.fd.nl
http://www.nrc.nl
http://www.volkskrant.nl
http://www.nu.nl
http://www.metronieuws.nl
http://www.spitsnieuws.nl

Germanic languages

Afrikaans, Alsatian, Bavarian, Cimbrian, Danish, Dutch, Elfdalian, English, Faroese, Flemish, German, Gothic, Icelandic, Low German / Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, Norn, North Frisian, Norwegian, Old English, Old Norse, Pennsylvania German, Saterland Frisian, Scots, Shetland(ic), Swedish, Swiss German, West Frisian, Yiddish

Other languages written with the Latin alphabet


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