Bavarian is a continuum of Upper German varieties spoken
by about 13 million people in Upper Bavaria, Lower Bavaria,
and the Upper Palatinate in Germany, in most of Austria,
and in South Tyrol in northern Italy. Bavarian is also spoken
in the village of Samnaun in Graubünden in Switzerland, and in
Sopron in Hungary.
Bavarian is mainly used as a spoken language and is rarely used
in writing. Instead Standard German, which is known as Schriffdeutsch
(written German), is used. There is no standard way of writing
Bavarian and it is not taught in schools. There are, however, some
written materials in the language, such as grammars, poetry and a
translation of the Bible. Bavarian is also used in pop songs.
There are three main dialects of Bavarian:
Northern Bavarian (Oberpfälzisch - Upper Palatinian), which is spoken in the district of Wunsiedel in Upper Franconian in Germany
Central Bavarian (Donaubairisch - Danube/Danubian Bavarian), which is spoken in Munich, Upper Bavaria, Lower Bavaria, southern Upper Palatinate and in the Swabian district of Aichach-Friedberg in Germany; and in northern parts of the State of Salzburg, Upper Austria, Lower Austria, and Vienna in Austria
Southern Bavarian (Alpenbairisch - Alpine Bavarian), or ), which is spoken in Tyrol, Carinthia, Styria and southern parts of Salzburg and Burgenland in Austria, and in South Tyrol in northern Italy.
Northern Bavarian pronunciation
Sample of Bavarian
ɪç bɪn ɪn ʒdoːᵈl
ɡɔŋə, ᶷn do βoən daːm
drɪnə, ᶷn dao ɪz uəm və də
mlʲ aː ɪz uəm troi̯t aːvɡʒit kβeːzd...
Standard German version
Ich bin in den Stadel gegangen, und da waren Tauben drinnen,
und da ist oben von der Mühle auch ist oben Getreide aufgeschüttet gewesen...
I went into the barn, and there were pigeons in it, and then, upstairs, there was grain heaped up as well, from the mill...