Flemish or Belgian Dutch (Belgisch-Nederlands) refers to the
dialects of Dutch spoken in northern Belgium by about 6 million people.
They differ to some extent from the Dutch spoken in the Netherlands in
terms of intonation and pronunciation, and there are minor differences
in vocabulary, including loanwords from French and English not found
in Standard Dutch.
The word Flemish can refer to the language spoken in the former
County of Flanders, specifically West Flemish, but has come to
mean all the varieties of Dutch spoken in Belgium.
There are four main dialects of Flemish:
Brabantian is spoken in North Brabant province in the Netherlands,
in Antwerp and Flemish Brabant provinces in Belgium, and in Brussels.
East Flemish (Oostvlaams)
East Flemish is spoken in the Belgian province of East Flanders,
and in eastern parts of Zeelandic Flanders in the Netherlands.
It is considered by some as a subdialect of Brabantian.
West Flemish (West-Vlams / West-Vloams)
West Flemish is spoken in western Belgium and neighbouring parts of
France and the Netherlands by about 1.4 million people. It is part of
a dialect continuum with Zeelandic dialects, which are spoken in
Zeeland province in the Netherlands.
Limburgish is spoken in Limgburg and the northeast of Liege
in Belgium, in Limburg in the Netherlands, and in Rhineland in
Germany by about 1.3 million people. In 1990 the regional government
of the Walloon region in Belgium recognised Limburgish as a regional,
indigenous language. It was given similar official recognition by
the Dutch government in 1997, which was opposed by the Dutch
Language Union (Nederlandse Taalunie).
There is a semi-standarized colloquial form of Belgian Dutch
known as Tussentaal ('in-between-language'), which is based
partly on Brabantian and which is used between people from different
Information about Flemish
Online Flemish lessons
Low German / Low Saxon,
Other languages written with the Latin alphabet