The Psalter script, or Psalter Pahlavi, is named after a manuscript known as the "Pahlavi Psalter", which dates from the 6th or 7th century AD and was found at Bulayiq near Turpan in the northwest of China. The manuscript contains a translation of a Syriac book of psalms and is the earliest known piece of writing in Pahlavi.

Notable features

  • Type of writing system: abjad / consonant alphabet - only some vowels are indicated and the letters used to represent them have multiple pronunciations.
  • Direction of writing: right to left in horizontal lines
  • Word division is indicated by a dot.

Used to write

Pahlavi, the written form of a number of different Middle Iranian languages.

Psalter script


Information about the Psalter script and Pahlavi

Consonant alphabets (Abjads)

Ancient Berber, Arabic, Hebrew, Mandaic, Manichaean, Middle Persian, Nabataean, Parthian, Phoenician, Paleo-Hebrew, Proto-Sinaitic / Proto-Canaanite, Psalter, Punic, Sabaean, Samaritan, Sogdian, South Arabian, Syriac, Tifinagh, Ugaritic