The Persian-Avestan alphabet (alefbâ Pârsi Avestâyi) was created by Lourenço Menezes D'Almeida and is an alternative script for writing the Persian and Avestan languages. It was inspired by the Avestan alphabet used to write the sacred scriptures of the Zoroastrian religion and designed to resemble modern western typefaces in both format and use. As such, the alphabet runs from left to right, differentiates upper from lower case and obeys common rules of punctuation present in most European languages.
The letters represent every phoneme used today in the modern Persian language and are intended to match the Latin letters used in the transcription rules set by the Official Iranian Romanization System and UniPers. Additionally, there are letters included in the alphabet intended to represent phonemes particular to the Avestan language (such has "ñ", "å", "ã", "th", etc.), organized in such a way as to perfectly match the transcription rules used by Avesta.org.
The Persian-Avestan alphabet was designed to be used preferably with phonemic orthography, meaning its letters correspond exactly to the phonemes intended. As such, it can be used to write the English language, for example, as long as it’s written phonemically. For example, the word passion is "péšan" not "passion":
Three letters, "b", "d" and "z", have an additional final form, both in upper and lower case, to avoid overlapping with following words: e.g.
These graphemes can be placed by typing the letters "ì", "ò" and "ù" in the keyboard, respectively.
Finally, all vowels have an optional final form which can be applied by typing them with a "¨" diacritic mark (or "`", in the case of "â" and "æ", and "´", in the case of "ô" and "î"). There is only one ligature in the alphabet which is used when typing "t" after "a", "e", "i", "y", "r", "l", "ñ" or "x". In that case the writer should type "§" instead, e.g.:
- Type of writing system: alphabet
- Direction of writing: left to right in horizontal lines
- Used to write: Persian, Avestan and English
Numerals and punctuation
Sample text (in Persian)
Tamâme afrâde bašar âzâd be donyâ
miyâyand va az lahâze heysiyyat va hoquq bâ ham barâbarand,
hame dârâye aqlo vejdân mibâšand va bâyad
nesbat be yekdigar bâ ruhe barâdari raftâr nemâyand.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Download a font for Persian-Avestan (TrueType, 571K)
Other constructed scripts