Hopi is an Uto-Aztecan language spoken by approximately 5,000
people in northeastern Arizona in the USA. Although there are
relatively few speakers, the language is still being passed on
to children and about three quarters of the Hopi people speak
Hopi as a native language.
There are four main varieties of Hopi: First Mesa or Polacca,
Mishongnovi or Toreva, Shipaulovi or Sipaulovi, and Third Mesa
or Oraibi. They were identified by Benjamin Whorf, who was the
first to analyse the Hopi language and who focused on the
There is a Hopi-English dictionary edited by Emory Sekaquaptewa,
and the language is promoted by the Hopi Literacy Project.
Hopi has an interesting way of expressing concepts of time and space:
for something that happens a long way from a speaker is described as having
happened in the distant past.