Corsican is a Romance language spoken by about 341,000 people.
Most of the speakers live in Corsica, though there are some in
Paris and Marseilles and also in Bolivia, Canada, Cuba, Italy, Puerto
Rico, Uruguay, the USA and Venezuela. Corsican has no official
status in Corsica and French is the official language there.
Corsican is closely related to Italian, particularly to the dialect
of Tuscany, and there is considerable mutal intelligibility between these
languages. Corsican is essentially an oral language and as a result,
there is considerable regional variation, particularly between the north
and south of Corsica.
Corsican first appeared in writing towards the end of the 19th century
though the spelling system wasn't standardised until the 1970s. An orthography
proposed by P. Marchetti and D. Geronimi was generally accepted though it isn't
always followed. In older Corsican texts there is considerable variation in spelling.
Corsican is used at all levels of education in Corsica. In most cases
it is taught as a subject but a few schools use it as a medium of instruction
along side French. Corsican courses for adults are widely available throughout Corsica,
as well as in some cities on the French mainland.
The regional service of State radio
several programmes and a number of news bulletins in Corsican every day. One private radio
station broadcasts entirely in Corsican and several volunteer stations,
such as Radio Calvi Citadelle and
Voce Nustrale, broadcast
programmes in Corsican. The regional TV station,
France 3 Corse, broadcasts at
least two hours of programmes in Corsican per week.
There is no daily or weekly newspaper entirely in Corsican though some
French-language papers do occasionally publish articles in the language.
Corsican is also often used for headlines in papers or magazines.
A increasing number of books is published in Corsican annually. There are
also a number of Corsican language magazines, often sponsored or produced
by political parties or cultural associations, and an increasing number of
K (cappa), W (vè dòppio), X (iquèsi) and Y (i grècu) are also used, but only in loan words.
Sample text in Corsican
Nascinu tutti l'omi libari è pari di dignità è di diritti.
Pussedinu a raghjoni è a cuscenza è li tocca ad agiscia trà
elli di modu fraternu.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Information about Corsican |
Corsican phrases |
Tower of Babel in Corsican |
Corsican learning materials
Information about Corsican
Online Corsican lessons
Online Corsican phrases
Online Corsican dictionaries
Corsican Linguistic Database
Online Corsican language radio
Other languages written with the Latin alphabet