Mirandese is a Romance language closely related to Asturian
spoken in northern Portugal by about 10,000 people. A further 5,000 or so
people speak Mirandese occasionally. The majority of Mirandese speakers live
in villages in the municipality of Miranda do Douro, and also in some villages
in Vimioso, Mogadouro and Bragança.
Mirandese began to emerge as a distinct language during the 12th century,
and Mirandese literature first appeared during the second half of the 19th
century. The best known Mirandese writer is José Leite de Vasconcelos.
Today it is taught in some schools, articles in Mirandese appear some in
newspapers and magazines, and there are occasional radio and television
programmes in the language. Many young people view the language as archaic
and underdeveloped and have little interest in it.