Ganmak/Rotoflect    Ganmak/Rotoflect

Ganmak or Rotoflect is an alternative script for Malay, Indonesian and English invented in 2011 by Mohd Badrul Bin Salleh, a student of Aerospace Engineering at the Universiti Sains Malaysia. The word Ganmak is taken from Petahan, a constructed language, and means 'mirror'. The script is based on the rotation and reflection of the first three prime numbers: 2, 3 and 5.

Notable features

  • Type of writing system: alphabet
  • Direction of writing: left to right in horizontal lines
  • Used to write: Malay, Indonesian and English
  • Number of letters: 26 letters: 21 consonants, 5 vowels

Ganmak/Rotoflect alphabet

Ganmak/Rotoflect consonants

Ganmak/Rotoflect vowels


Ganmak/Rotoflect diphthongs

Sample text in Ganmak/Rotoflect

Sample text in Ganmak/Rotoflect


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

For more information, you can contact Mohd Badrul Bin Salleh at:

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