Purepecha (P'urhépecha / Phorhépecha)

Purepecha is a language isolate spoken by some 175,000 people in the highlands of the Mexican state of Michoacán. Purepecha was the principal language of the Tarascan state, which was founded in the early 14th century, occupied more or less same are as Michoacán, and fell to the Spanish in 1530. Purepecha is also known as Tarascan as a result.

The word Tarascan, or tarasco in Spanish, comes from the Purepecha word for father-in-law / son-in-law, tarascue. The name Michoacán comes from the Nahuatl name from the Tarascan people, Michhuàquê ("those who have fish").

After the Spanish conquest of the Tarascan state, Spanish Friars devised a way to write to write Purepecha with the Latin alphabet and taught it to the Purepecha speakers. A number of dictionaries, grammars and other materials were published. From the early 18th century speakers of indigenous languages like Purepecha were encouraged to adopt Spanish and to abandon their native languages. This changed in 2003 when the General Law of Linguistic Rights of Indigenous Peoples made Purepecha and other indigenous Mexican language official status as national languages.

Purepecha alphabet (P'urhépecha Jimbo Kararakuecha)

Purepecha alphabet and pronunciation

Notes

  • b, d, g appear only after m and n (mb, nd, ng), and p, t and k are voiced after nasal consonants.
  • An acute accent (á) indicates the stressed syllable in a word, e.g. karáni (write), kárani (fly). The second syllable is usually stressed, though sometimes the first one is.
  • Purepecha has no l sound, but many younger speakers pronounce rh as /l/ due to Spanish influence.
  • Aspirated consonats are pre-aspirated when between vowels, and become unaspirated after nasals.

Sample text

Iamendu k'uiripuecha janguarhiparini ka majku jarhati ka jurhimbekuecha jingoni kueraaηasondikso ka, juajtakuarhisïndiksï ambakiti eratsekua ka kaxumbikua, jatsistiksï eskaksï sesi arhijperaaka.

Translation (of all the above texts)

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Links

Information about Purepecha language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purepecha_language

Other languages written with the Latin alphabet

Language isolates

Ainu, Basque, Burushaski, Eskayan, Haida, Karuk, Korean, Mapuche, Nivkh, Purepecha, Seri, Sumerian, Wardaman


Share
Additional Info
Additional Info