Karen is a group of languages spoken by around 3 million people in
Burma and Thailand. They are thought to be related to the Tibeto-Burman
language family, though it is unclear exactly how. They are spoken by
the Karen people, who are also known as Kayin or Kariang in English,
Per Ploan Poe or Ploan in Poe Karen, and Pwa Ka Nyaw
or Kanyaw in Sgaw Karen, and who live mainly in Karen State in
the south and southeast of Burma (Myanmar), and also in Thailand.
The are three main branches of Karen: Pa'o, Pwo and Sgaw.
Pa'o is spoken in Burma by about half a million people, and is also
known as Black Karen or White Karen.
There are four languges within the Pwo Karen branch, with only marginal
mutual intelligible between them: Eastern Pwo, Western Pwo, Northern Pwo,
Phrae Pwo. They are spoken by the Pwo Karen people in eastern parts of
Burma and western and northern parts of Thailand, and are known as
Phlou or Ka Phlou ("Karen" or "human beings").
Sgaw, which is also known as S'gaw, S'gaw Karen or S'gaw Kayin,
is spoken by over one million people in Burma, and Thailand. It is written
using the Mon script. Some dialects of Sgaw are sufficiently different
to be considered separate languages by some: Paku, Mopwa (Mobwa), Wewew
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood. (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)