Juǀʼhoan is a variety of !Kung, a member of the
Kx'a or Juu–ǂHoan language family, spoken in northeast
Namibia and northwest Bostwana by about 35,000 people, with the majority
of speakers, some 30,000 people, in Namibia.
The name of the language is also written Juǀʼhoan,
Zû-ǀhoa and JuǀʼHoansi, and there are
four regional dialects: Epukiro, Tsumkwe, Rundu, and Omatako.
Three orthographies have been developed for Juǀʼhoan:
The first was commissioned by the South African Department of Education,
developed by Jan Snyman, and accepted in 1969 and modified in 1975.
The second was requested by the Bible Society of South Africa in 1987 and uses
as few diacritics as possible. The third orthography was developed by
the Ju|wa Bushman Development Foundation in 1994.