Creek (Mvskoke)

Creek is a Muskogean language with about 4,700 speakers in the US states of Oklahoma and Florida. It is spoken by the Muscogee (Creek) Nation, the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma, and the Seminole Tribe of Florida. The language is also known as Muskogee, Muscogee or Seminole.

Creek first appeared in writing in 1736. Laws were being written in Creek from 1849, and a standard alphabet, the 'National Alphabet', was adopted in 1853. By the 1870s newpaper articles in Creek were being published.

Creek alphabet and pronunciation

Creek alphabet and pronunciation


  • Between two vowels or m, n, l, w, or y, the consonants p, t, k, c, and s become voiced: c [dʒ], k [ɡ], p [b], s [z], and t [d]
  • Tones and nasalization are not marked in this orthography, but are in dictionaries and linguistic publications.


Information about the Creek language

Online Creek language lessons

Official Site of the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma

Muskogean languages

Alabama, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Koasati, Mikasuki

Other languages written with the Latin alphabet