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Acehnese (Bahsa Acèh)

Acehnese is a member of the Chamic branch of Malayo-Polynesian languages and is spoken in Aceh in Sumatra in Indonesia by about 3.5 million people. Acehnese is closely related to other Chamic language such as Jarai and Cham, which are spoken in Cambodia and Vietnam, and also to Minangkabau, Gayo and Batak. The name of the language is also written Achinese, Achehnese or Atjehnese.

Acehnese was formerly written with the Arabic alphabet but is now written with the Latin alphabet.

Acehnese alphabet and pronunciation

Acehnese alphabet and pronunciation

The Acehnese alphabet also contains f [f], q [q/k], v [v], x [ks], and z [z], although they are only used in loanwords and are often replaced by ph, k, bh, ks, and dh.

Download an Acehnese alphabet chart (Excel)

Sample text in Acehnese (Latin alphabet)

Bandum ureuëng lahé deungon meurdéhka, dan deungon martabat dan hak njang saban. Ngon akai geuseumiké, ngon haté geumeurasa, bandum geutanjoë lagèë sjèëdara. Hak dan keumuliaan.

A recording of this text by Dr Husseini Hassan



All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Information about Acehnese | Tower of Babel


Information about Acehnese

Acehnese language learning blog

Malayo-Polynesian languages

Other languages written with the Latin alphabet

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