Ewe is member of the Volta-Niger branch of Niger-Congo languages
with about 3 million in the Volta Region of south-east Ghana, and
also in southwest Togo and in parts of Benin. It is recognised as
a national language in Ghana, where English is the official language,
and in Togo, where French is the official language.
Ewe is also known as Ebwe, Efe, Ehwe, Eibe, Eue, Eve, Gbe,
Krepe, Krepi, Popo and Vhe. Ewe is closely related Gbe
languages such as Fon, Gen, Phla, Phera and Aja.
The Ewe people believe that their ancestors came from Ketu, a town
in Benin, and migrated to the southeast of Ghana. Some of the
Ewe also settled in Togo.
Diedrich Hermann Westermann (1875-1956), German missionary
linguist published dictionaries and grammars for Ewe and related
languages, and other linguists have worked on various aspects
A tilde (~) indicates a nasal.
Ewe is a tonal language with four tones: a rising tone marked by an
acute accent (é), a falling tone marked by a grave accent (è),
a falling-rising tone marked by a caron accent (ě), and
a rising-falling accent marked by circumflex accent (ê). However
the tones are not always marked.
Sample text in Ewe
Wodzi amegbetɔwo katã ablɔɖeviwoe eye wodzena bubu
kple gomekpɔkpɔ sɔsɔe. Susu kple dzitsinya le wo dometɔ
ɖesiaɖe si eyata wodze be woanɔ anyi le ɖekawɔwɔ
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood. (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)