Guaraní is a Tupí-Guarani language spoken by about 4.6 million
people in Paraguay. There are also small communities of Guaraní
speakers in Bolivia, Brazil and Argentina. Guaraní is one of
the offical languages of Paraguay, along with Spanish, and started
to appear in writing in the form of religious texts during the 18th century.
Guaraní has co-existed with Spanish in Paraguay for four
centuries and as a result, has absorbed a lot of Spanish vocabulary.
Guaraní has also contributed a number of loanwords to English such
as cougar, toucan and jaguar.
The Guaraní alphabet shown below was introduced after a
Guaraní language congress in Montevideo, Uruguay. The idea was to
take the spelling of Guaraní away from the Spanish model.
Guaraní alphabet (Avañe'ẽme Achegety)
Sample text in Guaraní
Mayma yvypóra ou ko yvy ári iñapyty'yre ha
eteîcha tecoruvicharendá ha acatúape jeguerekópe;
ha ikatu rupi oikuaa añetéva ha añete'yva, iporâva
ha ivaíva, tekotevê pehenguéicha oiko oñondivekuéra.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Information about Guaraní |
Tower of Babel in Guaraní
Information about Guaraní
Online Guaraní lessons
Online Guaraní dictionaries)
Guarani Renda - avañe'ẽ rehegua / acerca del idioma guaraní
(information about Guarani in Spanish and Guarani):
Other Tupí-Guarani languages
Other languages written with the Latin alphabet