Tigre is a member of the Ethiopic branch of South Semitic languages.
It is spoken by about 800,000 people in Eritrea, particularly in
western parts of that country, and also in neighbouring areas of
Sudan, where the language is known as Xasa (ኻሳ). It is thought to have
descended from Ge'ez, the liturgical language used in the Ethiopian
and Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church.
Muslim Tigre people tend to write their language with the Arabic
script, while Christian Tigres and the Eritrean government use a version
of the Ge'ez / Ethiopic alphabet, which was devised for a Tigre
translation of the New Testament published in 1902.