Míkmaq (Míkmawísimk)

Míkmaq is an Algonquian language with about 8,000 speakers in Canada and the USA, mainly in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, but also in Quebec, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Maine. The Míkmaq called themselves L'nu'k (the people) and their language L'nui'sin. The word Míkmaq comes from their word nikmaq, meaning "my kin-friends." The language is also known as Micmac, Mi'gmaq, Miigmao or Restigouche.

Míkmaq was originally written with a 'hieroglyphic' system. In 1691 a French missionary named Fater La Clerq noticed Míkmaq children using the system as a memory aid and adapted it to write scriptures. In 1894 a method of writing Míkmaq with Latin alphabet was devised by Silas T. Rand, who used it to translate religious works, a number of other material and a grammar. A new spelling systems have been devised since then.

Míkmaq pronunciation

Míkmaq pronunciation

Sample text in Míkmaq

Msit mimajulnu'k weskwijinu'ltijik alsumsultijik aqq newte' tett wkpimte'tmut aqq koqwajo'taqnn wejkul'aqmititl.
(Article 1, Wtui'katikn wjit Koqwajo'taqann Mimajuinu'k Wejkuaqmi'tij)

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample text in the Míkmaq 'hieroglyphic' script

Sample text in Míkmaq 'hieroglyphic' script

Tower of Babel in Míkmaq

Links

Examples of the various written forms of Míkmaq
http://198.62.75.1/www1/pater/JPN-micmac.html

Online Míkmaq lessons
http://www.firstnationhelp.com/ali/

Míkmaq Pronunciation and Spelling Guide
http://www.native-languages.org/mikmaq_guide.htm

Information about the Míkmaq
http://museum.gov.ns.ca/arch/infos/mikmaq1.htm
http://mrc.uccb.ns.ca/mikmaq.html

Míkmaq Resource Centre
http://mrc.uccb.ns.ca

Online Míkmaq dictionaries
http://www.mikmaqonline.org
http://www.lib.unb.ca/Texts/Maliseet/dictionary/

Algonquian languages

Abenaki, Algonquin, Arapaho, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Cree, Delaware, Fox, Massachusett, Miami, Míkmaq, Montagnais, Naskapi, Ojibwe, Oji-Cree, Ottawa, Potawatomi, Shawnee

Other languages written with the Latin alphabet


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